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Updated on February 19, 2024 / By Kiria Fernandez

Khadi Fabric: History Characteristics Types Made of Uses Washing Care Tips Sewing Advantages and Disadvantages

Khadi fabric, a handwoven textile from India, is uniquely positioned in fashion and sustainability.

With a history deeply rooted in India’s struggle for independence, the Khadi fabric symbolizes the spirit of self-reliance, non-violence, and empowerment.

Skilled artisans meticulously crafted this fabric using natural fibers like cotton, silk, or wool, utilizing traditional techniques and tools such as the charkha.

Khadi fabric offers a range of remarkable qualities, including breathability, comfort, and durability, making it a preferred choice for those seeking eco-friendly and sustainable clothing options.

The production of Khadi fabric has a minimal carbon footprint, conserves water resources, and supports rural communities by generating livelihoods.

As a result, Khadi fabric has transcended its historical significance and emerged as a timeless symbol of style, ethical fashion, and responsible consumerism.

Khadi Fabric

What is Khadi Fabric?

Khadi is a traditional Indian fabric that holds deep historical and cultural significance. It is hand-spun and hand-woven using cotton yarn on a charkha, a traditional spinning wheel.

The production of Khadi involves a meticulous process carried out in Indian villages. The fabric is known for its durability, breathability, and versatility.

Khadi played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence, as it became a symbol of non-violent resistance against colonial rulers.

The promotion of Khadi was championed by Mahatma Gandhi, who advocated for its use as a means to empower rural communities and promote self-sufficiency.

Today, Khadi continues to be cherished for its traditional craftsmanship and connection to India’s rich heritage.

History of Khadi Fabric

History of Khadi Fabric

The history of Khadi fabric dates back to the early 20th century, when it became an integral part of India’s struggle for independence.

The first hand-woven cloth was produced in the Sabarmati Ashram between 1917 and 1918, and its coarseness led Mahatma Gandhi to name it Khadi.

Gandhi recognized the potential of Khadi as a powerful tool to promote self-sufficiency and economic empowerment among the rural population.

He encouraged Indians to spin and weave their cloth using the charkha, emphasizing the importance of boycotting British-made textiles.

Khadi became a symbol of defiance against colonial rule, representing the non-violent resistance of the Indian people.

Over time, the production of Khadi expanded, incorporating not only cotton but also silk and wool, all of which were spun into yarn on the charkha.

Today, Khadi is a cherished heritage of India’s freedom struggle and is celebrated for its handcrafted beauty and ethical values.

Characteristics of Khadi Fabric

Khadi Fabric

Khadi fabric is a traditional handwoven textile that originated in India and holds cultural and historical significance. It is known for its unique characteristics, which make it a preferred choice for clothing and other products. Here are some key attributes of Khadi fabric:

Khadi is primarily made from cotton fibers. However, it can also incorporate other natural fibers such as silk or wool, resulting in variations in the fabric’s texture and appearance.

Hand Spun and Hand Woven

The yarn used to create Khadi is spun by hand on a charkha, a traditional spinning wheel. The hand-weaving process adds a distinct charm and authenticity to the fabric.

Versatility

Khadi is a versatile fabric suitable for all seasons. It has natural thermal properties, keeping the wearer cool in summer and warm in winter. This adaptability makes it comfortable to wear year-round.

Breathability

The loose weave of Khadi allows air circulation, enhancing its breathability. It lets the fabric absorb moisture and keep the body cool, making it ideal for hot and humid climates.

Stiffness and Starch

Khadi is known for its slightly stiff feel. To enhance its appearance and stiffness, it is sometimes starched. Searching gives the fabric a crisper texture and makes it easier to drape.

Eco-friendly and Sustainable

Khadi is an environmentally friendly fabric made from natural fibers and spun and woven by hand, requiring minimal energy consumption. Its production supports local artisans and promotes sustainable practices.

Aesthetic Appeal

Khadi’s unique texture and handcrafted beauty have made it popular in various fashion circles. It exudes a rustic and artisanal charm that adds a touch of elegance and uniqueness to garments.

Types of Khadi Fabric

Types of Khadi Fabric

Khadi fabric comes in various types, each with unique characteristics and uses. Some of the common types of Khadi fabric include:

Cotton Khadi

Cotton Khadi

This is the most common type of Khadi fabric, made exclusively from hand-spun and hand-woven cotton yarn. It is known for its breathability, comfort, and versatility, making it suitable for a wide range of clothing and home textiles.

Muslin Khadi

Muslin Khadi

Muslin Khadi is a lightweight and finely woven fabric, characterized by its softness and sheer appearance. It is often used for making sarees, dupattas (scarves), and other delicate garments.

Muslin Khadi is revered for its exquisite drape and gentle texture.

A blend of silk and cotton fibers, Silk Khadi, combines the luster and elegance of silk with the handcrafted charm of Khadi. It is known for its smooth texture, vibrant colors, and luxurious feel.

Silk Khadi is frequently used to create special occasion garments and accessories.

Woolen Khadi

Woolen Khadi

Woolen Khadi is a warm and cozy fabric made from hand-spun and hand-woven wool fibers. It provides excellent insulation, ideal for winter clothing such as shawls, stoles, and sweaters.

Woolen Khadi showcases the inherent beauty of natural wool and carries a rustic appeal.

Denim Khadi

A modern interpretation of Khadi, Denim Khadi combines traditional weaving techniques with the aesthetics of denim. It is made from hand-spun cotton yarn, indigo-dyed, and woven in a twill pattern.

Denim Khadi offers a unique blend of heritage and contemporary style.

What is Khadi Fabric Made of?

Khadi fabric is traditionally made of natural fibers, primarily cotton, but it can also incorporate other natural fibers like silk or wool. The critical components of Khadi fabric include:

Selection of Fibers

The process begins with the selection of high-quality fibers. Raw cotton is chosen for cotton Khadi; silk Khadi uses silk fibers, and woolen Khadi utilizes wool.

Cleaning and Carding

The selected fibers undergo a thorough cleaning process to remove impurities such as dirt, seeds, and other debris. This step ensures that the fibers are clean and ready for further processing.

After cleaning, the fibers are carded, which involves combing them to align the fibers and remove any tangles.

The carded fibers are then spun into yarn using a traditional spinning wheel known as a “charkha.” The spinner draws the fibers and twists them together to form continuous threads.

The spinning process requires skill and precision to create consistent and even yarn.

The spun yarn is wound onto bobbins or spools to make it more manageable and convenient for the weaving process. This step helps organize the yarn and prepares it for the next stage.

The hand-spun yarn is woven into the fabric using traditional handlooms. Skilled artisans interlace the horizontal and vertical threads to create the desired pattern and fabric structure.

The weaving process can vary depending on the type of Khadi being produced and the design specifications.

Once the fabric is woven, it undergoes finishing processes such as washing, starching, and ironing. Washing helps remove any residual impurities, while starching provides stiffness and enhances the fabric’s appearance.

Ironing ensures the fabric is smooth and ready for use.

What is Khadi Fabric Used for?

Khadi fabric has a rich history and a wide range of uses. It is a versatile textile with various applications, including:

Khadi fabric is widely used to create garments such as suits, sarees, shirts, skirts, and dresses. Its versatility allows for styles and designs from traditional to contemporary.

Khadi clothing offers comfort, breathability, and a unique texture, making it suitable for casual and formal wear.

Accessories

Khadi fabric is also employed in creating accessories, including handbags, slings, wallets, scarves, stoles, ties, and turbans. These accessories showcase the handcrafted beauty of Khadi and add a touch of uniqueness and elegance to one’s style.

Home Furnishing

Khadi fabric is used in home furnishing, contributing to a warm and rustic ambiance. It produces handkerchiefs, cushion covers, bed sheets, tablecloths, curtains, and upholstery fabrics.

Khadi textiles can transform living spaces with their natural appeal and create a cozy atmosphere.

Crafts and Artworks

Khadi fabric is a canvas for artisans and craftsmen to showcase their skills and creativity. It is used for embroidery, block printing, tie-dyeing, hand-painting, and other embellishment techniques.

Khadi fabric’s texture and natural colors provide a perfect backdrop for these artistic endeavors.

Eco-friendly Products

Given its sustainable and organic nature, Khadi fabric is increasingly used to create eco-friendly products. It is utilized to produce reusable shopping bags, eco-friendly packaging, and other environmentally conscious items.

How is Khadi Different From Cotton?

Khadi and cotton are related in that Khadi fabric is often made from cotton fibers, but they are different in several ways:

Khadi fabric is entirely handcrafted, with the yarn being spun on a charkha (spinning wheel) and then woven by hand on a handloom.

This handmade process gives Khadi its unique texture, irregularities, and character, setting it apart from machine-spun and machine-woven cotton fabric.

Coarseness and Texture

Khadi fabric is slightly coarse and textured compared to regular cotton fabric. This coarseness results from the hand-spinning process, where the yarn is spun by hand, often resulting in slight variations in thickness and irregularities.

These characteristics give Khadi its distinct rustic and artisanal appeal.

Versatility and Comfort

Khadi is known for its versatility in terms of climate adaptability. It remains cool and breathable in hot summer, allowing air circulation and moisture absorption.

Conversely, it also provides insulation and warmth during colder seasons, making it suitable for year-round use. This natural adaptability is a unique feature of Khadi compared to standard cotton fabric .

Ethical and Sustainable Production

Khadi fabric is associated with ethical and sustainable practices. Hand spinning and hand weaving techniques promote employment for artisans in rural areas, empowering local communities.

Additionally, Khadi is made from natural fibers and produced with minimal energy consumption, making it an environmentally friendly and sustainable choice.

Historical and Cultural Significance

Khadi holds immense historical and cultural importance in India. It became a symbol of resistance against colonial rule and was promoted by Mahatma Gandhi during India’s struggle for independence.

The coarseness of the cloth played a role in its symbolism, representing simplicity, self-reliance, and the empowerment of rural communities.

Is Khadi Cloth Good?

Khadi Cloth Good

Khadi cloth is indeed highly regarded and considered excellent for clothing. Its numerous qualities make it a sought-after fabric. The lightweight nature of khadi ensures comfort and ease of movement, while its durability ensures long-lasting garments.

The fabric’s soft hand feel adds to its appeal, providing a luxurious touch to clothing. One of the remarkable aspects of khadi is its ability to keep the wearer cool during hot summer months and warm during chilly winters, owing to its natural breathability and insulation properties.

Additionally, khadi cloth is highly absorbent, allowing it to wick away moisture and provide comfort in various weather conditions. Overall, khadi cloth is highly regarded for its exceptional quality and suitability for clothing.

Is Khadi Natural or Artificial?

Khadi Natural or Artificial

Khadi is an inherently natural fabric. It is made from natural fibers such as cotton, silk, or wool derived from plants or animals.

The production process of khadi involves hand spinning and hand weaving, emphasizing the use of traditional and sustainable techniques.

As a result, khadi fabric retains its natural characteristics and properties, reflecting its organic origins.

Khadi does not involve using artificial fibers, ensuring that it remains a natural and eco-friendly textile. It is worth noting that Khadi’s commitment to being natural extends beyond the fabric itself, as some brands associated with Khadi also prioritize using natural and vegan ingredients in their products.

How Do You Wash Khadi Fabric?

Wash Khadi Fabric

Washing Khadi fabric requires gentle care to preserve its texture and longevity. Here are some tips on how to wash Khadi fabric:

Dry Cleaning or Gentle Hand Wash

Dry cleaning is the safest option for cleaning Khadi garments, as it ensures minimal stress on the fabric. However, if you prefer to wash Khadi at home, use a gentle hand wash using cold water and a mild, natural soap or detergent.

To remove any wrinkles or creases, you can starch your Khadi garments. Starching helps give the fabric a crisper feel and a polished appearance.

However, it is advisable to consult the care instructions provided by the manufacturer before applying starch.

Avoid Wringing

When washing Khadi by hand, avoid wringing the fabric vigorously. Instead, gently squeeze the excess water without twisting or wringing the garment. Khadi fabric is delicate and can lose its shape if handled too roughly.

After washing, it is essential to dry the Khadi fabric carefully. Avoid exposing it to direct sunlight, which can cause the fabric to fade. Instead, dry the fabric in the shade or indoors, allowing it to air dry naturally.

Separate Dark Colors

To prevent color bleeding and fading, washing dark-colored Khadi garments separately from lighter colors is recommended. This helps maintain the vibrancy and integrity of the fabric.

Avoid Chemical Bleach

Never use chemical bleach or harsh detergents on Khadi fabric, as it can damage the fibers and alter the color. Instead, opt for mild, natural cleaning agents that are gentle on the fabric.

How to Care for Khadi Clothes?

Care for Khadi Clothes

Caring for Khadi clothes properly is essential to maintain their quality and longevity. Khadi fabric is delicate and requires special attention. Here are some tips on how to care for Khadi clothes:

Pre-soak to Remove Starch

Khadi fabric often contains size starch, which can make it feel rough and stiff. Before wearing or washing your Khadi clothes, soak them in cold water for 2-4 hours to allow the starch to dissolve.

This will help soften the fabric. Repeat this process for a few washes until the starch is completely removed.

Gentle Hand Wash

Hand washing is the preferred method for cleaning Khadi clothes. Use cold water and a mild, natural soap or detergent specifically formulated for delicate fabrics.

Gently agitate the garments in the water, but avoid rubbing or twisting them vigorously to prevent damage.

Avoid Harsh Chemicals

Khadi fabric is sensitive to harsh chemicals and bleach. Avoid using them as they can weaken the fibers and affect the fabric’s color. Opt for gentle, eco-friendly detergents that are suitable for delicate fabrics.

Air Dry in Shade

After washing, avoid using a dryer, as it can shrink or damage the fabric. Instead, air dry your Khadi clothes in the shade. Direct sunlight may cause the fabric to fade, so it’s best to hang them indoors or in a shaded area.

Iron With Care

Iron Khadi clothes while they are slightly damp, or use a steamer. Set the iron to a low or medium temperature to avoid damaging the fabric. Ironing will help smooth any wrinkles and restore the fabric’s crisp appearance.

When storing Khadi’s clothes, ensure they are clean and not scorched. Avoid hanging them on metal hangers, as they can cause creases or distort the garment’s shape. Instead, fold the clothes neatly and store them in a cool, dry place.

Treat Stains Immediately

If you notice any stains on your Khadi clothes, attend to them promptly. Blot the stain gently with a clean cloth or sponge using a mild stain remover or a mixture of water and gentle detergent. Avoid rubbing the stain vigorously, as it may damage the fabric.

How to Sew Khadi Fabric?

Sew Khadi Fabric

Sewing Khadi fabric is similar to sewing other types of fabrics. Still, because Khadi can have a unique texture and characteristics, there are some specific considerations to consider when working with it. Here’s a general guide on how to sew Khadi fabric:

Preparing the Fabric

Before you start sewing, it is recommended to pre-wash and iron the Khadi fabric to remove any remaining starch and ensure it is clean and wrinkle-free. Follow the fabric care instructions to avoid any potential shrinkage.

Cutting and Marking

Use sharp fabric scissors to cut your Khadi fabric. As Khadi fabric can be slightly coarse and have a loose weave, it is advisable to cut with precision and avoid fraying.

To ensure accuracy, mark your fabric with fabric or tailor’s chalk before cutting, using appropriate measurements and markings.

Needle and Thread

Choose a fine, sharp needle appropriate for sewing lightweight fabrics. Khadi fabric’s delicate weave requires a finer needle to avoid damaging or distorting the fabric. Opt for high-quality sewing thread that matches or complements the fabric color.

Seam Finishing

Due to the tendency of Khadi fabric to fray, it is essential to finish the seams to prevent unraveling. To secure the raw edges, you can use French seams, zigzag stitching, or serging.

Seam finishing adds durability to the garment and gives it a neat and professional look.

Stitching Techniques

When sewing Khadi fabric, consider using smaller stitches to maintain control and prevent the fabric from puckering. Backstitch at the beginning and end of seams to reinforce them. Test your stitches on a scrap piece of Khadi fabric to determine the appropriate tension and stitch length.

Ironing is an essential step when sewing Khadi fabric. Use a low to medium heat setting on your iron and press gently to avoid flattening the texture.

Protect the fabric by placing a pressing cloth or a lightweight cotton fabric between the Khadi fabric and the iron. Press the seams open or to one side for a professional finish.

Handling Embellishments

If you plan to add embellishments like embroidery or trims to your Khadi fabric, consider using a stabilizer or interfacing to support and prevent puckering.

Stitch carefully around the embellishments, securely attaching them without distorting the fabric.

How Does Khadi Fabric Impact the Environment?

Due to its production methods and materials, Khadi fabric is often considered environmentally friendly. Here’s how Khadi fabric can positively impact the environment:

Low Carbon Footprint

The production process of Khadi fabric is entirely handcrafted, involving no machines or energy consumption. This significantly reduces the carbon footprint associated with its production compared to mass-produced fabrics.

By relying on traditional spinning and weaving techniques, Khadi promotes sustainable and eco-friendly practices.

Water Conservation

Khadi fabric requires significantly less water during production than mill-produced fabric. One meter of Khadi fabric is estimated to consume only three liters of water, while the same amount of mill-produced fabric requires approximately 55 liters of water.

This substantial difference in water consumption demonstrates the water-saving potential of Khadi, making it a more sustainable choice.

Preservation of Natural Fibers

Khadi fabric is made from natural cotton, silk, or wool fibers. By utilizing these fibers, Khadi promotes the preservation of natural resources and reduces the demand for synthetic fibers with a more detrimental environmental impact.

Waste Reduction

Khadi production often utilizes leftover or scrap materials, reducing waste generation. The hand spinning and weaving techniques allow artisans to incorporate these materials creatively, minimizing waste and promoting a circular approach to textile production.

Empowering Rural Communities

Khadi clusters, where the fabric is traditionally produced, generate income and employment opportunities for rural Indian communities. This economic empowerment helps alleviate poverty and supports sustainable development in these regions.

Promotion of Sustainable Fashion

Khadi fabric aligns with the principles of sustainable fashion. It encourages conscious consumption by emphasizing natural fibers, promoting local and traditional craftsmanship, and prioritizing durability and longevity over fast fashion trends.

Does Khadi Shrink?

Khadi Shrink

Khadi fabric can shrink, especially if it hasn’t been pre-shrunk or pre-treated before use. The extent of shrinkage depends on several factors, including the type of natural fiber used (e.g., cotton, silk, wool), the weave of the fabric, and the specific production methods. Here are some tips to minimize shrinkage in Khadi fabric:

Pre-Shrinking

It’s a good practice to pre-shrink Khadi fabric before sewing or using it in a project. You can do this by washing the fabric in cold or lukewarm water and then air-drying it. This helps remove residual sizing and allows the fabric to shrink before cutting and sewing it.

Cold Water Washing

After your Khadi garment is made, wash it in cold water or use a gentle washing machine to reduce the risk of further shrinkage.

Avoid exposing Khadi fabric to high heat, both during washing and drying. High temperatures can cause significant shrinkage. Instead, air-dry your Khadi garments or use the lowest heat setting if you must machine-dry them.

Gentle Handling

Handle Khadi fabric gently, especially when wet, as it can be more prone to stretching or distortion during this stage.

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Khadi Fabric?

Advantages and Disadvantages of Khadi Fabric

Khadi fabric has several advantages and disadvantages, making it a unique and distinctive textile choice. Here’s a breakdown of its advantages and disadvantages

  • Eco-friendly and Sustainable: Khadi fabric is made by hand using natural fibers, making it an environmentally friendly and sustainable textile. It does not require any machinery or chemical processes, reducing its carbon footprint and minimizing the use of non-renewable resources.
  • Breathable and Comfortable: Khadi fabric is known for its breathability, allowing air circulation and heat dissipation. It keeps the wearer cool in summer and warm in winter, making it a comfortable choice for various climates.
  • Durable and Versatile: Khadi fabric is renowned for its durability and strength. It can withstand regular wear and tear and retains its shape and color. It is also versatile in design possibilities, as it can be dyed, printed, or embroidered with various patterns and motifs.
  • Promotes Traditional Craftsmanship: Khadi fabric supports traditional craftsmanship and handloom industries. It provides employment opportunities for skilled artisans and preserves the cultural heritage of weaving communities.

Disadvantages of Khadi fabric:

  • Expensive and Time-Consuming: Khadi fabric is often more costly than mass-produced textiles due to the labor-intensive process involved in its production. It requires skilled artisans who invest time and effort to hand-spin and hand-weave the fabric.
  • Prone to Shrinkage and Fading: Khadi fabric requires special care to maintain quality. It may shrink if not washed and dried correctly, and the colors may fade. Proper care and maintenance, including gentle washing and drying in the shade, are necessary to preserve the fabric’s integrity.
  • Limited Availability: Khadi fabric is predominantly produced in rural and small-scale industries. This limited production capacity makes it less widely available than industrially manufactured textiles, which can be easily mass-produced and distributed.

Comparison Table Between Khadi Fabric and Other Fabrics

Khadi fabric is known for its versatility and adaptability to different climates. It is breathable and helps regulate body temperature, making it suitable for warm and cold weather conditions.

While Khadi fabric can be hand-washed or dry-cleaned, machine washing is not recommended as it may cause shrinkage or damage to the fabric. It is best to follow the specific care instructions provided for each Khadi garment.

Khadi fabric has the potential to shrink if not properly cared for. It is essential to follow the recommended washing instructions, including gentle hand-washing or dry-cleaning, and avoid using hot water or harsh detergents.

Yes, Khadi fabric can be dyed, printed, or embroidered in various colors and patterns. It offers multiple design possibilities, making it suitable for different fashion styles and preferences.

Khadi fabric promotes sustainable fashion by utilizing natural fibers and traditional handloom techniques and supporting rural artisans. Its production process has a lower carbon footprint than machine-produced fabrics, encouraging conscious consumption and preserving traditional craftsmanship.

Yes, Khadi fabric can be used for formal wear, such as suits, sarees, or skirts. With its natural texture and elegant drape, Khadi garments can add a touch of sophistication and uniqueness to formal attire.

Khadi fabric is significant in the textile industry because of its rich history, sustainable production methods, and unique qualities.

It is a handwoven cloth made from natural fibers like cotton, silk, or wool, and it offers several advantages, such as breathability, comfort, and durability.

Khadi fabric’s eco-friendly nature, low carbon footprint, and water conservation make it an appealing choice for conscious consumers. Additionally, Khadi fabric supports traditional craftsmanship and empowers rural communities by generating income and preserving cultural heritage.

Despite some challenges like special care requirements and limited availability, Khadi fabric inspires fashion enthusiasts, promotes sustainable fashion practices, and contributes to a more environmentally friendly and socially responsible textile industry.

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coarse khadi fabric

Everything You Need To Know About Khadi Fabric

Khadi fabric is a handwoven textile made from natural fibers. It's a very versatile material used in many different applications today, including clothing fabrics in the fashion industry. Khadi, commonly referred to as khaddar, is a whole group of artisanal products originating from East India but also widely used throughout East Asian countries such as Bangladesh and Pakistan. Many people in the whole world wear khadi clothing today as it promotes a more sustainable, local, responsible fashion industry that protects the environment, traditional artisanal techniques, and garment workers. To help you make more mindful purchasing decisions as a well-informed consumer, here is all you need to know about khadi fabric. In this article:

What is khadi fabric?

Who invented khadi, which fabric is used for khadi, how many types of khadi are there, what is khadi fabric used for, are khadi and cotton the same, is khadi the same as linen, are khadi products natural, is khadi good for summer, why is khadi expensive, what are the benefits of wearing khadi, is khadi cotton organic.

Panaprium is proud to be 100% independent, free of any influence, and not sponsored. We carefully handpick products from brands we trust. Thank you so much for buying something through our link, as we may earn a commission that supports us.

what is khadi fabric clothing

Khadi is a well-known, hand-woven, natural fiber fabric usually made from cotton, silk, or wool in the eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, mainly Eastern India, Northeastern India, and Bangladesh. Khadi products create new opportunities for artisans and weavers that support the local economy and the well-being of local communities. Raw materials are ethically sourced from textile belts across India to make Khadi. Many indigenous communities participate in the country's apparel chain. Khadi helps establish a more inclusive supply chain in the country, based on awareness, self-reliance, and economic independence.

khadi cloth types artisan

Khadi fabric is often used in the fashion industry to make clothing, shoes, bags, accessories, and jewelry. It's also used to make beddings, household textiles, home decor, upholstery, and furniture. The popularity of khadi is rising. Fashion brands and clothing designers use khadi to meet consumers' demands for sustainable, ethical, and affordable clothing. In the clothing industry, khadi fabrics make knitwear, loungewear, hats, suits, blouses, dresses, shirts, coats, pajamas, robes, undergarments, and more. You can find Khadi in homeware, furniture, upholstery, carpets, bathrobes, towels, drapes, bed sheets, curtains, and home decor, like other soft and luxurious fabrics. The market for khadi fabrics is expected to slightly rise in the coming years, as new apparel and home furnishing applications develop, especially in East Asia. khadi is important for the fashion industry and its future as a way to promote a sustainable, local, responsible economy. Khadi not only has historical and philosophical importance, but also a key role to play in the development of a more ethical clothing industry .

khadi fabric cotton comparison

All khadi products are natural by definition. Khadi is a handwoven textile from natural fibers such as cotton, silk, or wool. All khadi clothes are hand-spun into yarn on a spinning wheel using natural yarn, usually cotton. Khadi reflects the significance of traditional hand-weaving techniques deeply rooted in Indian culture. It's typically a method of conserving traditions and artisanal practices against more modern, mechanical processes. Khadi products benefit the natural world and the human environment on numerous levels. They help artisans, weavers in local communities generate income without any need for rural to urban migration. Khadi products are well-known to have a lower carbon footprint and environmental impact. All khadi processing, spinning, and weaving use natural materials and human power instead of resource-intensive industrial processes .

khadi fabric summer clothing

Khadi is expensive because it's a hand-woven fabric from natural fibers with limited availability and difficult manufacturing that requires time, manual labor, and the expertise of artisans and weavers. Many people complain about the costliness of Khadi. However, Khadi is a high-quality and luxurious material  that makes fantastic environmentally friendly and socially responsible clothing to support local communities and artisanal techniques. Instead of buying low-quality clothes at an artificially inflated price, wear durable, natural, and super soft khadi clothes made from cotton that not only prevents pollution but also promotes self-employment and self-reliance for underserved communities.

Khadi is a natural fabric widely used in high-quality clothing. It's very soft, comfortable, lightweight, breathable, and durable. It's a material found in a lot of everyday clothing as a more responsible alternative. Khadi cotton fibers are very pleasant to the touch, water-absorbent, and dry quickly. And they are also strong, resistant, long-lasting, and give a natural look and feel to any modern, conscious wardrobe . Khadi fabric can easily be dyed, cut, and sewn in a variety of styles and patterns. They are many types of khadi fabric available in multiple sheens and color options. 

khadi cotton organic

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About the Author: Alex Assoune

Alex Assoune

Alex Assoune (MS) is a global health and environmental advocate. He founded Panaprium to inspire others with conscious living, ethical, and sustainable fashion. Alex has worked in many countries to address social and environmental issues. He speaks three languages and holds two Master of Science degrees in Engineering from SIGMA and IFPEN schools.

coarse khadi fabric

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Khadi, one of the most popular fabrics of India, is now a daily clothing choice for most Indians. Every year September 19 is celebrated as Khadi Day in India. Khadi has historical and philosophical importance in India. It was introduced by Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. He started the swadeshi movement to promote khadi fabric to make India self-reliant and independent.

Khadi played a vital role in the freedom struggle of India. And now, it is one of the solutions for the environmental crisis the world is facing today. Many people are opening up to adopting this eco-friendly and sustainable fabric. Many designers have taken the initiative to give khadi fabric a makeover and make it a popular choice again.

Khadi, the simple, eco-friendly fabric worn by millions of Indians, symbolises patriotism. This blog will cover everything about Khadi. It will cover khadi, the benefits of khadi fabric, types of khadi, and its use case in today's world is.

What is khadi fabric?

Khadi is hand-spun and handwoven fabric using a spinning wheel called a charkha . Khadi fabric is also known as Khaddar. The cloth is usually handwoven using cotton, silk, and wool. It is produced in various states of India, and all of them make a unique type of khadi fabric.

Firstly, the fibre is converted into yarn using charkha . Yarn is then weaved into fibre using looms. There are various other steps, such as dying and strengthening. Traditionally, khadi fabric is manufactured without using any natural resources or energy. But with time, the manufacturer has changed. All the processes can be mechanised.

The modern Manufacturing process of khadi

coarse khadi fabric

  • Raw cotton : Raw cotton is collected for manufacturing khadi fabric.
  • Ginning : Cotton is separated from lint and seeds. The moisture content is also removed.
  • Carding : Carding produces continuous web by detangling, cleaning, and intermixing fibres.
  • Spinning : Cotton is spun to make a workable cotton thread.
  • Warping : Warping is the process of preparing cotton for weaving.
  • Weaving : The yarns are taken from the bobbins and placed on the looms.
  • Dyeing : It is the process of adding colours to fabrics. Natural dyes are used for dyeing.
  • Printing : An opaque white pigment is used to print on khadi fabric.

Types of Khadi

There is a misconception that khadi is made of cotton only. But khadi is made out of silk and wool as well. The different states in India are producing various types of khadi fabric. Each one of them is popular for its unique khadi fabric .

Khadi Cotton

As the name suggests, the khadi cotton fabric is handwoven using cotton. It is also famously known as muslin. It is a perfect choice for Indian climate conditions. The khadi cotton fabric is light, breathable, and dry. 

West Bengal produces a large quantity of muslin in India. 

Mysore Karnataka is famous for silk, primarily producing khadi cotton. 

Ponduru, Andhra Pradesh, is known as khadi village because they produce completely handwoven khadi cotton.

Khadi silk fabric is made by spinning pure silk or blending other yarns. 

Matka silk or Ahimsa silk is the most popular type of khadi silk. It is made with the waste of mulberry silk which is obtained mainly from Karnataka and Kashmir.

Another type of khadi silk is tussar silk. It is mainly found in the eastern parts of India. It is lighter and cooler compared to other types of khadi silk. Bhagalpur, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Malda are famous for producing tussar silk.

Chanderi silk is also one of the famous khadi silk in India. It is mainly produced in Chanderi, Madhya Pradesh.

Woollen Khadi

Fine quality wool is hand spun and hand woven to produce woollen khadi fabric.

Pashmina, the most loved woollen khadi, is the purest form of cashmere. It is found in Kashmir.

Benefits of using khadi fabric

coarse khadi fabric

Khadi fabric is skin-friendly  

It does not irritate the skin or stick to the skin. Therefore, it is suitable for sensitive skin.

It keeps the body cool in summer as it allows air ventilation. It can absorb moisture and sweat, making it the perfect choice for summers.

Khadi fabric keeps the body warm, making it winter-friendly.

Khadi fabric is sustainable .

Khadi items of clothing are durable compared to synthetic fibre. They last longer, which means less waste is generated.

Khadi fabric is sustainable because of its eco-friendly manufacturing and production process. As it is handwoven, it reduces energy and natural resources usage. The machinery used in khadi production is simple, which reduces the setup cost.

Khadi helps build the economy .

Almost every state in India produces khadi fabric with slightly different variations in weaving style. It provides an opportunity for skilled workers and helps build the country's economy. 

There is a massive demand for khadi clothing, and it supports the farmers who produce cotton and natural fibre. 

India is the largest producer of khadi fabric . And looking at the demand for sustainable khadi fabric will help India rise economically.

Khadi Today

After independence, the Government of India established the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), an organisation that plans, promotes, and facilitates the development of khadi.

Large scale apparel manufacturers are collaborating with KVIC to produce new khadi lines. Aditya Birla Group launched a menswear brand named 'Khadi by Peter England'. Raymond launched a collection called 'Khadi, the Story Re-Spun'. Arvind Ltd is producing khadi denim.

Many designers are embracing the khadi and giving it a makeover. Sabyasachi Mukherjee uses khadi in most of his bridal clothes and gives it a royal look. Ritu Kumar is also in love with khadi for its matte texture and ability to dye beautifully. Other designers like Payal Jain, Rohit Bal, Anju Modi, Raghuvendra Rathore, Abu Jani & Sandeep Khosla have crafted beautiful apparel with khadi fabric.

The Bottom Line

It's high time the world starts looking at khadi fabric more pleasingly and adopting sustainable fashion. Khadi fabric can help save the environment while being chic. It also helps build employment for rural regions in India. 

Thus, the government's support and designers and consumers' mindfulness will help India generate more revenue with khadi production.

Fashinza helps fashion design brands by providing an apparel manufacturing platform. You can reach out to Fashinza for all material sourcing needs of your clothing brand. 

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Khadi Fabric

Khadi Fabric

Khadi sari

Khadi (or Khaddar) is a hand-spun or handwoven fabric primarily spun out of cotton and sometimes silk and wool. India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan are the main producers of Khadi textile. Today, it is a fashion-forward industry spinning a global demand.

Origin and History

It was re-discovered by freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi, as an initiation of empowerment. The first fabric of Khadi was woven with the commencement of the Boycott Movement in India, which dates back to 1920s. During the ‘Swadesi Movement’ that began by shunning foreign goods, it was widely publicized among the Indian population as an alternative to the British textiles.

The industry was institutionalized by the government soon after independence. After the setting up of the Khadi Village Industry Commission (KVIC), India set its first foot into an independent terrain.

It is a coarse and easy fabric to sew. Patchwork, Kantha, Phulkari, and Block Printing are designed easily on this fabric.  It  has an unusual captivating appeal even in its plain form.

The fabric has facets spreading from printed, embroidery, hand spun to hand loomed, warp print and jacquard. Its variety that we get today is not limited to the politician’s trousseau of a nehru style jacket . It has become a style quotient for the masses and the young crowd of modern India.

Khadi in the Making

Khadi in the Making (Image Courtesy: houseofkhadi.com)

Innovations

With technical advancements being introduced on a large scale in the apparel industry, the local industry is seeing the machine weaving take over the traditional process of manually spinning Khadi. Apart from the regular Kurtas and Sarees, there are Khadi shirts, pants, and skirts being manufactured. Innovative cuts and design are now becoming synonymous with the industry and being loved by many.

Khadi Saree

Khaddar Saree

Global Appeal

The sophisticated fabric with a simplistic appeal has been renowned globally not just for its heritage but also because of its fashion appeal. The rise of the fabric as high-quality materials in the handloom industry has added to its global demand.

It is one of the most wearable fabrics as it stays cool in summer and warm in winters.

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4lDWau6xzUY[/youtube]

Maintenance

It is extremely easy to maintain attire spun out of this fabric. It can be hand washed and ironed for a new and fresh look. However, scrubbing the fabric is not recommended.

Contemporary Comparisons

  • It is much easier to maintain than a silk or chiffon one.
  • The weavers are paid only 1/10th of what a silk saree weaver is paid.

Interesting Facts

  • Khadi weaver M. Ramarao received a National Award for his skill.
  • Award winning Hollywood actress Judi Dench wore Khadi outfits in the movie ‘The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel’.
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kh%C4%81d%C4%AB
  • Team Utsav Pedia

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Khadi Fabric

May 18, 2022

By Birds of Fabriclore

Khadi Fabric - Fabriclore

What is Khadi?

  • Khadi is naturally hand-woven fabric.
  • Widely used in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
  • Commonly khadi is woven with cotton and also uses silk and wool which are spun on a charkha.
  • It has a versatile property cool in summers and warm in winters.
  • Khadi is being promoted in India by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission and the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. 

Khadi Fabric

  • The first Khadi fabric was crafted when the Boycott movement commenced in India. As the 'Swadeshi Movement' began, foreign goods were shunned.
  • This movement was highly publicized, leading to an alternative to British textiles. Gandhi Ji was of the belief that more than sales, this handwoven Khadi fabric would bring about better changes to the daily lives of people.
  • He also encouraged people to weave their yarn and wear it with pride to establish and maintain the heritage of the country. This understated fabric was a way of highlighting the exploitation policies by the British.
  • “If we have the ‘khadi spirit’ in us, we would surround ourselves with simplicity in every walk of life. The ‘khadi spirit’ means infinite patience. Those who know anything about the production of khadi know how patiently the spinners and the weavers have to toil at their trade, and even so, must we have patience while we are spinning the thread of Swaraj.”
  • Later, in the year 1925, the All India Spinners Association commercially launched the Khadi fabric. Advanced weaving techniques emerged and continued to flourish even after independence.

Khadi Fabric

 What Makes it Stand Out?

Application and usage , new age innovations.

  • KVIC (Khadi and Village Industries Commission) is known for planning and promoting the development of Khadi fabric. After the fabric was amassed considerable fame, the organization worked diligently to improve the techniques and offer employment to Indian artisans.
  • With dynamic advancements, Khadi fabric is now available in multiple variations. With handwork ranging from Kantha to Block print, this fabric captivates beauty with its subtle weaves.
  • The styles that can be crafted from Khadi are not limited to a Nehru jacket anymore. You can now choose from a wide range of shirts, flared pants and dresses.
  • The fabric has huge demand in the international market, especially in Western countries.

Khadi Fabric Online

How to Judge the Authenticity?

  • Take the end of the Khadi fabric and twist it in the direction of the yarn if the thread tightens then it is the original Khadi.
  • Take the fabric against the light and observe the slight difference in density and large transparency.
  • Touch-test will be an excellent test to understand Khadi fabric.
  • Authentic khadi has the KVIC(The Khadi and Village Industries Commission) logo. 

Wholesale Khadi Fabric Manufacturer

Care Instructions

  • For longer life it is best to hand wash Khadi garments. If required, machine washes on a gentle cycle with mild detergent, but tumble drying is to be avoided as it may break the fibers and the garments might lose their shape.  
  • Line drying works best.
  • For certain garments that are tie-dyed and block printed, dry cleaning will be required for the first few washes. Washing is to be done inside out, and for such colors that have a tendency to bleed more. Washing separately would be safe.
  • Use a warm iron.

Khadi Online

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A History Of Khadi, India’s Fabric Of Resistance

A forerunner of textile making until the 19th century, weaving practices flourished in India since the Bronze Age, with cotton cultivation and processing emerging during the time of the Indus Valley Civilisation. In medieval times, cotton textiles were imported to Rome through the maritime Silk Road and Arabian-Surat merchants traded fabrics with Basra and Baghdad from Gujarat, the Coromandel Coast and the East Coast of India. After the First Indian War of Independence in 1857, domestic textile production by mill or traditional methods declined to its lowest levels before khadi emerged as an unassuming economic revolution. While hand spun and woven cotton cloth of this kind was prevalent throughout India, it was not until the early 20th century, when its production and use were in critical decline, that khadi became a potent visual symbol of India’s resistance of colonial power.

coarse khadi fabric

Till today, khadi is the term ubiquitously used throughout India, Pakistan and Bangladesh to refer to varieties of coarse cotton cloth hand woven using hand spun yarn. Historically, this was the cloth typically worn by labouring and artisan groups in pre-industrial India. Made from locally grown cotton, harvested by farmers and spun by local women, the final cloth was woven by men, normally members of specialist weaving families who would have honed their craft for generations. The particular equipment involved in the production of khadi would vary from region to region, as would the techniques used for its adornment, from dying and embroidery to printing. The significance and efficacy of khadi as a tangible emblem of the Indian fight for freedom cannot be explored without recognising the seminal role played by Mahatma Gandhi in uplifting it to the status of a national cloth instilled with almost sacred properties.

The American Civil War of 1865 caused a raw cotton crisis in Britain’s Cottonopolis, a 19th-century nickname for Manchester, then the centre of the cotton industry. Indian cotton at highly discounted prices was sourced for British mills as the textile industry was dwindling in India, and hand spinning was a dying art. During Victorian rule, it is recorded that some fifty Indian mills existed in the 1870s but Indians still bought clothes at an artificially inflated price, since the British colonial government exported the raw materials for cloth to British fabric mills, then re-imported the finished cloth to India for sale. In direct response to this, among a laundry list of atrocities, the Swadeshi movement was born, a self-sufficiency effort that was part of the Indian independence movement and contributed to the development of Indian nationalism.

coarse khadi fabric

Famously, in 1919, Gandhi started spinning at Mani Bhawan Mumbai and encouraging others to do so. He pioneered the use of a double spinning wheel designed to increase speed and control. In 1922, he requested the Indian National Congress (INC) to start a khadi department, and within two years, due to a large response to the initiative, a semi-independent body, the All India Khadi Board (AIKB), was formed which liaised with the INC’s khadi department at the provincial and district levels. Shortly after, the All India Spinner Association (AISA) was formed comprising the khadi department and AIKB. The Swadeshi movement vastly increased in size and reach following the patronage of wealthy Indians who donated funds and land to khadi dedicated organisations, which eventually started cloth production in every household.

As the founder of AISA, Gandhi made it essential for all Association members to spin cotton themselves and pay their dues in yarn. Gandhi collected large sums of money to create further grassroots-level khadi institutions to encourage spinning and weaving, creating independent opportunities for communities and eschewing colonially imposed systems of production and consumption. Since India’s independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947, the story of khadi has continued, existing in a balancing act between tradition and modernity. A powerful symbol of resistance, khadi stands for both strength and tradition, but the material’s use and treatment continues to undergo changes to stay relevant. Khadi has seen a new wave of popularity in recent years in large part due to the work of Indian fashion designers like Sabyasachi Mukherjee, Ritu Kumar and Rohit Bal, who are all embracing the material within a contemporary context. Feature image: Mahatma Gandhi by Margaret Bourke-White. Photo: Pinterest

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A Humble Fabric Helped India Fight British Rule. Now It's Big Business.

coarse khadi fabric

  • Phyllida Jay

MUMBAI, India — In a blink-and-miss-it moment at the recent launch of Kourtney Kardashian's wellness website Poosh, a small but significant connection to Mahatma Gandhi went largely unnoticed.  An iconic Indian textile emblematic of Gandhi's struggle against colonial rule made a guest appearance on the site dedicated to "Kourt's Morning Rituals" that features more than a few scantily-clad photos of the reality TV star.

“Gandhi and Kardashian? It’s quite a contrast,” says Delhi-based textile and fashion designer Gaurav Jai Gupta who founded label Akaaro in 2010.

Kardashian’s Eve Lom wash cloths are made from muslin sourced from India, a must-have facial cleansing product for advocates of the clean beauty movement.  But what her team probably didn’t realise is that muslin is also known as khadi, the hand spun, hand woven cloth at the heart of Gandhi’s struggle for independence and a politically infused symbol of Indian-ness.

“[Well, I suppose] that khadi and Kardashian do both begin with a ‘K’,” Gupta adds, with tongue firmly in cheek.

What Gandhi himself would have made of this iconic textile appearing on a site whose mantra advises that “living a healthy life doesn’t mean you must forgo a sexy pair of stilettos” is anyone’s guess.  But in the century that has passed since Ghandi’s time, khadi has come to have many different meanings.  While global brands as diverse as Levi’s, Anthropologie and Issey Miyake, regularly use it for its earthy and spiritual image, the textile still suffers from an image problem in other quarters.

“Khadi has been stereotyped as coarse and dowdy fashion. We need a new visual vocabulary, so maybe a Kardashian using khadi isn’t such a bad thing,” Gupta adds.

In connecting society, clothing and personal identity with political decision making, Gandhi’s vision of khadi was a forerunner of today’s ethical fashion movement.

Gandhi believed khadi could help India gain economic independence from British rule, a system which saw Manchester clothing imports all-but wipe out the Indian cotton industry. He exhorted Swadeshi (economic nationalism) and encouraged Indian citizens to spin, weave and wear khadi and burn their foreign imported clothes on public bonfires.

"Khadi was the fabric of freedom," says Anaita Shroff Adajania, Fashion Director of Vogue India.  "So, there will always be a sense of pride when wearing or working with the fabric. But the revival we are seeing today is a departure from the coarse, thick khadi of 1947 (India's independence)."

Indeed, Khadi comes in many weights, coarse and heavy or light and airy; what defines it is how it is made, spun and woven by-hand. Whether used to refer to clean beauty products or contemporary fashion, khadi is laced with associations of sustainability, spirituality and wellness, something discussed by BoF founder Imran Amed in a podcast with spiritual leader Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev.

Leveraging khadi to build brands

Khadi forms a core element in aesthetics — and therefore, to some extent, the business plans — of brands like Paris-based Khadi & co., Los Angeles-based Dosa, or cult concept store Egg in London’s Knightsbridge. All present khadi as loose flowing, handwoven, pure and earthy simplicity. Egg was co-founded by Asha Sarabhai, who was encouraged to develop her khadi-based designs in the 1980s when Issey Miyake gave Sarabhai’s khadi garments space in his Japanese stores.

Makiko Minagawa, who discovered khadi in 1983 while designing textiles for Miyake and now heads her own label Haat says, “khadi is super-fine, like a covering of mist; it’s an ultra-lightweight, see-through cotton. It’s extremely rare to see something this simple and beautiful.”

coarse khadi fabric

11:11 Elements of Kala Cotton Khadi Denim| Source: Courtesy 11:11 Elements of Kala Cotton Khadi Denim| Source: Courtesy

11:11 Elements of Kala Cotton Khadi Denim | Source: Courtesy

Brands like these are evidence of khadi’s global reach courtesy of Indophile textile designers. Given khadi’s homespun image it may come as a surprise then, that in India, khadi has also been co-opted as a brand name and is now worth hundreds of millions of dollars in annual sales.

The government-run KVIC (Khadi and Village Industries Commission) set-up in 1954, now employs millions of producers with over 7000 stores and outlets across India. The KVIC’s Khadi label appears on everything from hand or mill spun fabrics, indigenous honey and herbal soaps.

Gandhi’s vision of “village economies” finds new impetus where high unemployment rates and unsustainable rural-urban migration have disrupted the Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) recent narrative of unfettered economic growth. The Indian government’s khadi drive is underscored by job creation, a pivotal electoral issue in the recent re-election of prime minister Narendra Modi.

Meanwhile, the KVIC has signed MoUs with several large Indian retailers.  In its 2019 annual report, men's tailoring behemoth Raymond claimed that its khadi collaboration with the KVIC has led to the retailer generating 3 million man-hours of employment at 30 percent higher wages for the weaving community.

Says Gaurav Mahajan, CEO of Raymond Lifestyle, “We’re looking at khadi as a larger business proposition.”

Although Gandhi’s khadi implied hand-spun yarn and hand-woven cloth, the large economies of scale required for employment generation has seen progressive mechanisation of spinning, raising the question of whether the textile really does remain hand-made.

"Simple devices to improve the ease of handling the spinning mechanism can go a long way in improving productivity," says Radharaman Kothandaraman, a leading textile designer and founder of The House of Angadi, the sari brand that Bollywood star Deepika Padukone wore for her wedding to Ranveer Singh.

Home-grown luxury and slow fashion

Today, khadi's powerful symbolism as the "fabric of freedom" has taken on new resonance as a form of "home-grown luxury" in the context of India's growing economic power. The Fashion Design Council of India (FDCI) has collaborated with the KVIC in spectacles where designers like Rohit Bal transform khadi into elaborate designer wear, modelled by stars including Sonam Kapoor and Salman Khan.

Kothandaraman explains: “In the Gandhian era — Khadi was considered a fabric that projected austerity and simplicity and was seen as the common man’s fabric. Today it is [also] perceived as aspirational, and is definitely a high-end fabric consumed largely by an elite audience that places a premium on handmade products.”

'Luxury khadi' has found a champion in top designers like Sabyasachi Mukherjee , who once told The Indian Express that through khadi, he wants "…to extend good taste to the rich". A Sabyasachi embroidered khadi bridal ensemble can sell for upwards of US $5000.

Between nostalgia for a simpler socialist past and hopes that the textile could help weavers share in India’s shining capitalist future, the very idea of khadi remains hugely emotive in India, with cinema and popular culture often using it to emphasise patriotism and Indian identity.

In the hit film comedy Lage Raho Munna Bhai (2006), veteran Bollywood actor Sanjay Dutt plays Munna, a small-time bhai (gangster) who starts to see apparitions of Gandhi and converse on Gandhian philosophy. Munna becomes a reformed character, wearing khadi, and helping the community he formerly terrorized, to fight a corrupt real estate developer trying to swindle a children’s orphanage out of their property in a prime location. Time and again in popular culture khadi evokes feelings of intimate connectedness, authenticity and simpler values from a pre-globalisation era.

It is these persuasive values that attrac many Indian conglomerates to bet big on khadi, drawing on its associations with eco-fashion, artisans and wellness.

Big business from a humble textile

Indian retail conglomerates including Arvind, Aditya Birla and Raymond look to khadi as an opportunity – in theory, at least – to merge sustainability and commerce. They also bring the design and technical innovation required to optimise khadi for contemporary fashion markets.

How to do this in a modern relevant way is a constant challenge, says Himanshu Shani, co-founder along with Mia Morikawa of design consultancy CellDSGN, the parent company of cult sustainable clothing brand 11:11/eleven eleven of which Shani and Morkawa are the creative directors.

“Khadi is something that needs to transcend fashion, one day you buy 10,000 metres of fabric then the next day you’re done.  [But] what happens to the weaver?”

coarse khadi fabric

Arvind's Khadi Denim Collection | Source: Courtesy Arvind's Khadi Denim Collection | Source: Courtesy

Arvind's Khadi Denim Collection | Source: Courtesy

Innovation is key: Cell DSGN have collaborated with textile and retail giant Arvind on the development of khadi denim. Arvind has spent ten years on R&D bringing together an iconic American textile and Indian khadi to tap the premium sustainable denim market, selling an average of 12,000 metres annually over the past five years.

“Arvind works with the KVIC and our R&D teams have travelled into the rural countryside to learn about the on-the-ground realities for village-based artisanal communities. The economies of scale are very different from mill production, a single weaver can only weave four metres of khadi daily,” explains Punit Lalbhai, Executive Director of Arvind Ltd.

US-based Gap Inc. retails a premium capsule using Arvind's khadi denim with jeans priced at $228. Gap's website describes the denim as "Crafted in small batches, these unisex pieces feature khadi, a uniquely soft, slightly slubbed fabric…hand woven by highly skilled artisans. No electricity is used..."

The romantic idea of khadi as a form of electricity-free slow fashion also chimes with global concerns around climate change.

But rather than work with the KVIC’s vast infrastructure, some designers prefer to develop their own hand spun and woven textiles. Gaurav Jai Gupta, who with his label Akaaro pushes the envelope by restructuring the weave of textiles, is wary of even using the term khadi.

“Khadi is only a small part of a much larger Gandhian idea, we need to assess what we’re really adding. The whole idea of khadi is in the soul of making.”

Indeed, in all of the hype around khadi, a question persists: how khadi can shift past its current niche in the market and indeed if it should? The KVIC mantra is one of scale, and the corporate narrative is one of adding value, but how can brands balance scale and innovation with the essential ethos underpinning khadi, before it becomes something else altogether?

Having previously worked with Arvind, 11:11/eleven eleven now produces their own iteration of khadi denim, with short staple and indigenous cotton known as kala. With jeans or jackets priced at around $600 they sell around 200 units annually with Japan as their main export market.

“We use cotton from rain-fed crops grown in Gujurat, it’s short staple, requires no irrigation, there’s no bio-tech used. It’s the best thing to put next to your skin,” Shani claims.

coarse khadi fabric

Bodice Resort Collection 2019 | Photographer: Aman Makkar Bodice Resort Collection 2019 | Photographer: Aman Makkar

Bodice Resort Collection 2019 | Photographer: Aman Makkar

Along with young Indian labels including Akaaro, Pero and Rahul Mishra , 11:11/eleven eleven have also taken part in a design initiatie launched as part of rebuilding khadi weaver's livelihoods in the wake of 2018's devastating floods in Kerala. Says Save the Loom founder Ramesh Menon,

"The majority of these khadi weavers are women, widows or the sole earning member in their family, and it was extremely crucial for us to work on a revival plan to bring them back to the craft to stop the wage loss and also make them hold n to the work they have been practicing for decades."

It's a sobering reminder of how important khadi remains. Ultimately, khadi isn't in need of 'rescure or 'saving', but it does require understanding of its relevance for markets today. This is where design has a key role to play in bringing khadi to broader attention.

Ruchika Sachdeva of Bodice, who won the International Woolmark prize for womenswear in 2018 says she plans to use a blend of khadi and silk for her next collection to be presented at Paris fashion week for SS/20.

“I’m working with two weights, one very light and another similar to a cotton poplin. Khadi’s not just a textile but a visual metaphor for India. But I want to add a certain angle, and take it to another level.”

Pushing khadi to another level, whether through denim, wellness products or elevated classics, the business case for this iconic textile is strong. Not least, the historical symbolism of khadi provokes new ways of understanding textiles as a powerful moral vector of society that can also be used to turn a profit.

If this isn’t food for thought for today’s fashion players, then nothing is.

Dr Phyllida Jay is the author of Fashion India.

Editor's Note:  This article was corrected on July 13, 2019. A previous version of this article misstated that Anaita Shroff Adajania is Editor-in-Chief of Vogue India. This is incorrect.  Anaita Shroff Adajania is Fashion Director of Vogue India. 

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The age-old and symbolic Indian craft of Khadi gets a new look 

By Vinita Makhija

Khadi sari cotton sari yellow saree

“There is more to life than increasing its speed.” Mahatma Gandhi, the father of our nation, once shared. Slow and considered life is something Anavila Sindhu Misra understands well. After all she spent three years developing the textiles for her newest collection in Khadi titled ‘Quiet’.

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Her first samples of 200 counts Khadi saris were developing just as Covid hit the world. “Covid did derail plans, but I wanted people to experience and touch this fabric before they bought it.” A few weeks ago, at the launch of ‘Quiet’ by Anavila, the reigning queen of linen saris and kurtas , Misra greeted guests at her flagship store in Khar, Mumbai in an exquisitely handwoven all-over jamdani khadi sari in white. It took over 3 months to weave the single piece, and it costs a lakh and some.

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At the launch evening, there is hardly any music. Editors and influencers are unhurriedly draping her new pieces and discussing their softness in whispers. The middle of the store has a malabar grazing platter filled with courgettes, rice crackers and paniyarams served with coconut and beetroot chutneys by Marina Balakrishnan/That Thalassery Girl- a holistic, vegetarian Kerala food home kitchen. The food is without garlic or onions, ingredients considered Tamsik and Rajasic according to Ayurveda —they are known to increase heat and chaos in the body- you know, the opposite of quiet. And this is very much a Gandhian evening.

Past continuous

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Misra sees Khadi , a textile that survived imperialism and industrial revolution; and still the number one choice of fabric for Indian politicians and statesmen as the fabric of future, for both her own brand and its wearers. In muted and earthy colours, ‘Quiet’ is Misra’s most autobiographical collection yet. Made in her true vision and style, it comprises of saris , kaftans , co-ord sets and scarves The very first thing you notice is just how soft her version of Khadi is, almost Dhakai muslin like; the second is the motifs- tiny unassuming birds, pomegranates and floral inspired elements. 80% of the collection is dyed in natural dyes made with Alizarin, turmeric, Indigo, rust and tea. “Through spinning yarn, dyeing and weaving there is a quiet, meditative calm about the Khadi weavers that has captured me.” Misra shares.

Image may contain Clothing Apparel Sleeve Home Decor Blouse Long Sleeve Human Person and Linen

If we are the product of our environment, then Anavila’s inspiration was certainly her own weaving clusters. Bengali houses, (where her textiles are woven) are characterised by their inclusion of aangans (verandahs). The fruits — Mangoes, Guavas, and her favourite Pomegranate often fall in, and grow around the verandahs where the weavers sit. “The birds sit comfortably on looms as it moves without getting alarmed, they consider the looms a part of their natural environment.” It was only fair then that their likeness would find a way within the finished product.

Fabric of India

It’s impossible to discuss Khadi without feeling the full weight of its historic value in India. Khadi comes from the word khadar, handspun and handwoven textile that is very often considered quite coarse to touch. No cloth has been so symbolic of a country’s fight for independence as Khadi is to India. While we do have the richest textile traditions , Gandhiji felt that only a simple fabric that could be afforded by all, and handwoven at home on a spinning wheel could unite an extremely divided India in their fight for freedom. The history of Khadi is deep and nuanced, whether it fulfils Gandhi’s vision as the fabric of India in present day is a much larger debate. It is however a protected trademark; only certified weavers under the government’s KVIC body may be allowed to call it Khadi. Misra works with government recognised weavers in Burdwan cluster in West Bengal and is free to call it by its legal name.

Image may contain Clothing Apparel Home Decor Sleeve Human and Person

Finally, ‘Quiet’ is Anavila’s reference to peaceful coexistence, and an authentic and slow life. She points to her overall Jamdani sari , “Every inch of this sari is woven with motifs and it still doesn’t scream.” Another Gandhian observation comes to mind, “The inexpensiveness (or in Anavila’s case the simplicity) of Khadi consists in the revolution of one's taste.” Indeed.

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Khadi Cotton – Threads of Resilience, Melody of Freedom and Unity

In the tapestry of Indian textiles, Khadi weaves stories of resilience, freedom, and simplicity. A fabric steeped in history, it stands as a symbol of national pride and the spirit of independence. Join me on a poetic journey as we explore the beauty and significance of Khadi cotton and the emotions it evokes.

Khadi Cotton: Threads of Hope and Determination

Khadi weaves threads of hope and determination, born out of a vision of self-reliance. Its coarse texture reflects the strength of the weavers who create it, their hands moving with precision and skill. Embodying the spirit of the Indian people, it signifies their unwavering commitment to freedom and self-sufficiency.

Khadi Cotton: A Canvas of Simplicity and Earthy Beauty

Khadi is a canvas of simplicity, embracing the subtlety of natural hues and hand-spun yarns. Its raw and earthy texture connects us to the land, reminding us of our roots and the simplicity of life. Wearing it, we find solace in the gentle embrace of minimalism, appreciating the beauty in the ordinary.

Khadi Cotton: A Testimony of Unity and Collective Effort

Khadi is a testament to the power of unity and collective effort. Woven by countless hands, its fabric tells the tale of a nation’s struggle for independence and the unbreakable bond between weavers and the dream of a free India. Each thread weaved into it carries the hopes and aspirations of a nation, reminding us of the sacrifices made for freedom.

Khadi Cotton: Symbol of Sustainability and Eco-friendliness

Khadi is a symbol of sustainability and environmental consciousness. Created from natural fibers and hand-spun yarns, it embodies the spirit of eco-friendliness. Wearing it, we become stewards of the Earth, embracing a mindful and respectful lifestyle that preserves nature’s beauty.

Khadi: Empowerment and Livelihoods

Khadi empowers countless artisans across India by providing livelihoods. Its creation is a labor of love, supporting local communities and preserving traditional weaving techniques. By wearing it, we become ambassadors of change, supporting artisans and ensuring the survival of their craft for generations.

Khadi Cotton: Timeless Simplicity and Elegance

Khadi is a manifestation of simplicity and elegance, transcending trends and time. Its understated beauty captures the essence of grace and sophistication, allowing us to embrace our true selves without extravagance. Wrapped in its embrace, we find inner peace and contentment, free from the burden of materialism.

Khadi: Resonating with Heritage and Identity

Khadi resonates with the soul, reminding us of our heritage and the power of self-sufficiency. Its timeless appeal connects us to our past and inspires a better future. In its presence, we feel a deep sense of pride and gratitude, for it is more than just a fabric – it is a symbol of our identity.

So, let us celebrate the beauty of Khadi, for it weaves together the threads of history, culture, and sustainability. Embrace its simplicity and elegance, wearing it with pride and reverence. In the world of textiles, Khadi stands tall as a symbol of unity, self-reliance, and the indomitable spirit of a nation. Wrapped in its gentle embrace, we become part of a tapestry of change and progress, where the past and present converge in a harmonious dance of beauty and purpose.

Q1: What is Khadi?

Khadi is a type of fabric that originated in India and is traditionally hand-spun and hand-woven using natural fibers such as cotton, silk, or wool. It is known for its coarse texture and raw appearance.

Q2: What is the significance of Khadi in Indian history?

Khadi holds great historical and cultural significance in India. It became a symbol of the Indian independence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi, who promoted the use of Khadi as a means of boycotting British-made textiles and promoting self-reliance. Khadi represents the spirit of independence, resilience, and unity of the Indian people.

Q3: What does the coarse texture of Khadi signify?

The coarse texture of Khadi represents the strength and resilience of the weavers who create it. It reflects the determination and hard work of the artisans and serves as a reminder of the simplicity and authenticity of life.

Q4: How is Khadi associated with sustainability and environmental consciousness?

Khadi, a fabric made from natural fibers and hand-spun yarns, is eco-friendly. Producers often use traditional techniques with minimal impact on the environment. By wearing Khadi, individuals support a sustainable and mindful lifestyle, fostering a deep connection with nature and a commitment to preserving its beauty.

Q5: What is the significance of Khadi in supporting local communities?

Khadi production provides livelihoods to numerous artisans across India. Wearing Khadi supports the preservation of traditional weaving techniques and the economic empowerment of local communities. It is a craft that generations have passed down. Khadi promotes self-sufficiency and helps sustain the livelihoods of artisans and their families.

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  • Better Living

Say Yes To Sustainable Fashion With Khadi

From traditional to modern wear, you can ace it all with khadi.

coarse khadi fabric

If eco-friendly fashion ever wants a torchbearer, khadi will be a natural choice. This hand-spun fabric is usually associated with a coarse texture. However, “khadi (or khaddar ) can actually refer to any natural fabric (cotton or silk) that has been handspun and handwoven,” says a Vogue article .   

A powerful symbol of India’s fight for self-reliance under the British rule, khadi’s legacy has endured through the years. To date, the mention of khadi immediately conjures the image of Mahatma Gandhi spinning the wheel. Gandhi saw khadi as a great unifier and asked every Indian to spend at least an hour every day on the spinning wheel as a duty towards the poor and to support the country’s rural economy.

As the demand for khadi rose, high-production capacity spindle machines were developed to spin fabrics with better quality and blend.

What makes khadi special?

Much before the term sustainable fashion gained global currency, khadi epitomized that. Since the spinning and weaving of the khadi fabric is done by hands, its carbon footprint is zero. A natural fabric, khadi is perfect for anytime of the year. On a hot day, it will let you breathe; on a chilly evening, expect a khadi silk jacket or stole to keep you warm. Khadi fabric can last for years if maintained properly.

Wear it any way you want

Cotton khadi is used for making shirts, dresses and even sarees. Similarly, khadi silk is a favourite among the fashion-conscious—khadi silk stoles, sarees, jackets are some of the many ways which in which you can flaunt the fabric. And that’s not all. Khadi wool is used to make caps and shawls.

You also have polyester khadi—yes, it exists and has a following of its own. From shirts to kurta-pyjamas, polyester khadi is used in a range of garments. If denims are your thing, khadi has found its way into this hugely-popular segment too. Khadi denim jeans blend fashion with sustainability.

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coarse khadi fabric

Khadi: The fabric for India's fashionable and young

Khadi has way too many variations when it comes to the weaves.

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Khadi: The fabric for India's fashionable and young

Another lover of the fabric, Bushra S Khan, 31, reiterates, "First of all, I love wearing cotton as I live in a humid city [Mumbai], and I think cotton, especially khadi, is the best fabric to wear when you're witnessing the coastal weather in India."

More than just comfort

Of course the comfort factor is of primary importance when it comes to choosing khadi. But there are many other aspects people look to when it comes to using this fabric for their attire. Khan adds, "As far as khadi is concerned, I love its understated elegance.

Sometimes, dark or bright colours can be quite an eyesore, especially during summer. Khadi comes in hues that are extremely soothing to the eyes. Also, it is quite an easy fabric to work with, and has variety. The fabric has come a long way from what it used to be; it is soft, and moulds itself according to the body."

Khadi, which was once a coarse fabric, has way too many variations when it comes to the weaves. We asked designer Resham Karmchandani, co-founder of The Pot Plant, a brand that uses khadi for its contemporary, gen-next pieces, to shed some light on the fabric. She states, "As far as the fabric goes, khadi has various beautiful weaves and is also extremely comfortable as a fabric. People eventually end up buying khadi a lot more as it is trans-seasonal, and offers value for money."

Another specific reason why khadi is a favourite among youngsters is the luxe feel the fabric offers. A stylist by profession, Sheena Chandwani, 25, agrees, "Not only is khadi easy to wear, as a fabric it looks very upscale. Khadi has a premium feel to it. And from a styling perspective, it can be moulded in many ways depending on one's persona."

While it is a luxurious-looking fabric, does the weaver get enough given it is handspun? Designer Rina Singh, founder of Eka mentions, "Khadi is a handspun and handwoven fabric.

Given it is made by a weaver by hand, the price for it should definitely go up, and it should be treated as a luxurious item. As it uses one of the most primitive methods of fabric-making, the novelty factor should go up. In fact, I think the ambar charkha way should also qualify as khadi."

'Made In India' novelty

Influence of a young breed of designers who are working with this hand-spun fabric is also why millennials have given a sartorial nudge to it. Karmchandani states, "I think it all started with the sustainable movement gaining momentum in the country.

Most designers are now keeping in mind the younger generation while designing pieces, and that's why millennials are more receptive to the fabric. Also, now there's an entire younger crop of designers who are working with natural fabrics."

When it comes to the resurgence of khadi, the Internet, especially social media, has definitely served as a medium for its traction. In fact, it is one of the many reasons responsible for making khadi a trusted fabric among the millennials. Karmchandani states, "Everybody's talking about the use of khadi through social media, and there is a lot more awareness about it now."

Does the allure of desi and the spike in the acclaim of 'homegrown' have anything to do with how welcoming the young crowd is when it comes to this fabric? Iyer adds, "Yes, the fact that it comes with the 'Made In India' tag helps."

Given the language of design and culture is so important for this generation, khadi has an added advantage. Singh states, "Design is a very intrinsic part of our society. As far as urban millennials go, they are aware of what is going on. That said, designers have played a big role in khadi's popularity with some of us having handheld the craft no matter what the season. The language of design is presented glamorously, and Bollywood has taken it up too, thus it has become a cult movement. Millennials are connected on Instagram and it is a need for them to have their own identity and individuality. What one wears is an important point to make on social media. Clothing is an identity issue for youngsters. There's nothing better than a homegrown fabric like khadi to define the Indian millennial."

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Knowing Fabric

What Is Cotton Khadi Fabric

Are you curious about cotton khadi fabric? Look no further, as this article will provide you with all the essential information.

Discover the rich history and manufacturing process of cotton khadi fabric.

Learn about the different types and characteristics of this unique textile.

Explore the numerous benefits of using cotton khadi fabric and how to properly care for it.

Delve into the sustainability aspects of this eco-friendly material.

Finally, stay up to date with the latest fashion and design trends in cotton khadi fabric.

Table of Contents

History of Cotton Khadi Fabric

The history of cotton khadi fabric dates back to the 1920s when Mahatma Gandhi promoted its use as a symbol of self-reliance and resistance against British colonialism. Khadi, which means ‘hand-woven’ in Hindi, has its origin in ancient India. It is believed to have been woven for thousands of years using traditional techniques passed down through generations.

The significance of cotton khadi fabric lies in its connection to the Indian independence movement. Gandhi saw khadi as a way to empower the Indian people and promote self-sufficiency. He encouraged Indians to spin and weave their own cloth as a means of economic resistance against British-made textiles.

Khadi became a symbol of national pride and unity during the struggle for independence. It represented the rejection of British goods and the revival of traditional Indian craftsmanship. The spinning wheel, or charkha, became an iconic symbol of the movement, as it was used to produce khadi fabric.

Today, cotton khadi fabric remains an important part of Indian culture and heritage. It is known for its durability, comfort, and environmental sustainability. The production of khadi also provides employment opportunities for rural artisans, supporting local economies.

The history and significance of cotton khadi fabric continue to be celebrated and cherished in modern India.

Manufacturing Process of Cotton Khadi Fabric

To create cotton khadi, artisans spin the yarn by hand and weave it on traditional looms. This ancient technique of manufacturing khadi fabric has been passed down through generations and is still practiced today. Here are three key steps in the manufacturing process of cotton khadi fabric:

Handspinning: Skilled artisans use a spinning wheel called a charkha to spin raw cotton fibers into yarn. This process involves drawing out the fibers and twisting them together to create a strong and durable thread.

Dyeing: After the yarn is spun, it is dyed using natural dyes made from plants, fruits, and other organic sources. This traditional dyeing process gives cotton khadi its vibrant and earthy colors.

Handweaving: Once the yarn is dyed, it is ready to be woven into fabric on handlooms. Artisans carefully interlace the vertical warp threads with the horizontal weft threads, creating intricate patterns and designs. This manual weaving process requires skill, precision, and patience.

The manufacturing techniques used in the handloom industry for cotton khadi fabric are not only environmentally friendly but also support local communities and preserve traditional craftsmanship. Each piece of cotton khadi fabric is unique and carries the legacy of centuries-old techniques.

Types of Cotton Khadi Fabric

Did you know there are various types of khadi available, each with its own distinctive weave and texture? Among the different types of cotton khadi fabric, the most popular ones include muslin khadi, mulmul khadi, and matka khadi.

Muslin khadi is known for its fine and lightweight texture. It is made from the finest cotton fibers, which are handspun into a delicate and breathable fabric. This type of khadi is often used to make lightweight garments such as sarees, scarves, and dresses.

Mulmul khadi, on the other hand, is slightly thicker and has a more textured feel. It is made from a blend of cotton and silk fibers, giving it a soft and luxurious touch. Mulmul khadi is commonly used to make traditional Indian outfits like kurtas and salwar kameez.

Matka khadi is a type of khadi fabric that has a slightly rough and uneven texture. It is made from thick and coarse cotton fibers, which give it a unique rustic look. Matka khadi is often used to make home furnishings like curtains, bedspreads, and tablecloths.

The popularity of cotton khadi fabric has been on the rise in recent years, thanks to its sustainable and eco-friendly nature. It is a fabric that is not only comfortable to wear but also has a rich cultural heritage. So, the next time you’re looking for a fabric that is both stylish and ethical, consider choosing cotton khadi.

Characteristics of Cotton Khadi Fabric

When choosing clothing, consider the lightweight and breathable texture of muslin khadi. Made from hand-spun and hand-woven cotton yarns, muslin khadi is a versatile fabric that offers several characteristics that make it popular among fashion enthusiasts.

Muslin khadi is known for its lightweight nature, which makes it comfortable to wear in warm weather. Its breathability allows air to circulate, keeping you cool and preventing sweat build-up. Additionally, the fabric has a soft and smooth texture, providing a luxurious feel against the skin.

These characteristics have contributed to the popularity of muslin khadi in various fashion applications. It is commonly used to create summer dresses, shirts, and scarves, as it provides comfort and style. The fabric is also favored for baby clothing, due to its gentle touch on sensitive skin.

Benefits of Cotton Khadi Fabric

Cotton Khadi fabric offers several benefits that make it an excellent choice for conscious consumers.

Firstly, it is eco-friendly and sustainable, as it is made from natural cotton fibers and produced using traditional techniques that have minimal impact on the environment.

Secondly, the fabric is breathable and comfortable, allowing air to flow freely and keeping you cool even in hot weather.

Lastly, Cotton Khadi fabric is handcrafted and traditional, reflecting the rich cultural heritage and craftsmanship of the artisans who create it.

Eco-Friendly and Sustainable

You can embrace a more eco-friendly and sustainable lifestyle by choosing cotton khadi fabric.

Cotton khadi is a type of fabric that is hand-spun and hand-woven. It is known for its ethical fashion practices and commitment to sustainability.

One of the key reasons why cotton khadi is considered eco-friendly is because it is made using natural dyeing techniques. These techniques involve using plant-based dyes and avoiding harmful chemicals that can harm the environment.

By opting for cotton khadi fabric, you are supporting a more ethical and sustainable fashion industry. Not only does cotton khadi help reduce the carbon footprint, but it also promotes the use of natural resources and supports local artisans.

Make a conscious choice and switch to cotton khadi for a greener and more sustainable wardrobe.

Breathable and Comfortable

Wearing breathable and comfortable clothing is essential for staying comfortable in hot weather. When it comes to choosing the right fabric, opt for natural fibers like cotton.

Cotton is a highly breathable material that allows air to circulate and keeps you cool. Its natural fibers absorb moisture and help to keep your skin dry, making it perfect for hot and humid climates. Additionally, cotton is lightweight and soft, providing a comfortable and gentle feel against your skin.

It also has a high tensile strength, meaning it can withstand regular wear and tear. Whether you’re wearing a cotton t-shirt, dress, or shorts, you can rely on this natural fiber to keep you cool and comfortable in the heat.

Handcrafted and Traditional

When it comes to choosing attire, opting for handcrafted and traditional garments can add a unique and cultural touch to your wardrobe.

Handcrafted textiles, created using traditional craftsmanship, are a testament to the skill and creativity of artisans who have honed their craft for generations. These garments are made with meticulous attention to detail, ensuring that each piece is a work of art.

From intricate embroidery to delicate handwoven patterns, handcrafted textiles showcase the rich cultural heritage of various communities around the world. By wearing these garments, you not only support the preservation of traditional craftsmanship but also embrace a style that is timeless and authentic.

So why not add some handcrafted and traditional pieces to your wardrobe for a touch of cultural elegance?

Care and Maintenance of Cotton Khadi Fabric

When it comes to caring for your cotton khadi fabric, it’s important to know the proper washing techniques, drying methods, and ironing instructions.

By following these key points, you can ensure that your fabric remains in great condition and retains its natural beauty.

Whether you’re hand washing or machine washing, air drying or using a dryer, and ironing with steam or without, understanding the best practices will help you maintain the quality and longevity of your cotton khadi fabric.

Washing Techniques

To maintain the quality of your cotton khadi fabric, make sure you follow these washing techniques. The delicate nature of cotton khadi requires gentle washing to ensure its longevity. Hand washing is highly recommended to prevent any damage or shrinkage. Fill a basin with lukewarm water and add a mild detergent. Gently agitate the fabric in the water for a few minutes, avoiding any harsh scrubbing or twisting. Rinse thoroughly with cold water and gently squeeze out the excess water. Avoid wringing or twisting the fabric as it may cause wrinkles or damage to the fibers. Lay the fabric flat on a clean towel to air dry. Following these simple steps will help maintain the beauty and quality of your cotton khadi fabric for years to come.

Drying Methods

After gently squeezing out the excess water, lay the fabric flat on a clean towel to air dry. Air drying is the preferred method for drying cotton khadi fabric as it helps to maintain the fabric’s texture and shape.

Here are three reasons why air drying is recommended:

Prevents shrinkage: Air drying reduces the risk of shrinkage that can occur when using high heat in a machine dryer.

Preserves color: Hanging the fabric to air dry helps to preserve the vibrant colors of cotton khadi fabric, as machine drying can cause fading.

Minimizes wrinkles: Air drying allows the fabric to naturally relax and straighten, resulting in fewer wrinkles compared to machine drying.

While air drying is the best option, if you must use a machine dryer, select the lowest heat setting and remove the fabric promptly to prevent excessive wrinkling.

Ironing Instructions

Now that you’ve learned about different drying methods for cotton khadi fabric, let’s move on to ironing instructions. Ironing is an essential step to achieve a crisp and polished look for your garments. Here are some ironing techniques to keep in mind:

Start by setting up your ironing board and plugging in your iron. Make sure the iron is clean and free from any residue.

Check the label on your cotton khadi garment for the preferred temperature setting. It is usually recommended to use a medium to high heat setting.

Begin ironing the fabric in small sections, using smooth and even strokes. Be careful not to leave the iron in one spot for too long as it can cause damage.

Pay attention to any pleats or folds in the fabric and iron them out carefully.

Hang or fold your ironed cotton khadi garments immediately to prevent wrinkling.

Sustainability of Cotton Khadi Fabric

If you want to know about the sustainability of cotton khadi fabric, you should consider its eco-friendly production process and biodegradable nature.

Cotton khadi fabric is sourced from organic cotton, which means it is grown without the use of harmful chemicals or pesticides. This not only ensures the health and safety of the farmers but also prevents soil and water pollution. Additionally, organic cotton farming promotes biodiversity and reduces carbon emissions, making it a more sustainable option compared to conventional cotton.

The production of cotton khadi fabric also involves a traditional and handmade process, which reduces the carbon footprint associated with industrial manufacturing. The fabric is spun and woven by skilled artisans, preserving traditional techniques and supporting local communities.

Furthermore, cotton khadi fabric is biodegradable, meaning it can decompose naturally without leaving behind harmful residues. This makes it an environmentally friendly choice that reduces waste and pollution.

Fashion and Design Trends in Cotton Khadi Fabric

To stay on top of the latest fashion and design trends in cotton khadi, you should explore the unique patterns and textures created by skilled artisans. Cotton khadi fabric has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its sustainable and eco-friendly nature. It is a hand-spun and hand-woven fabric that is made from natural cotton fibers. The fashion industry has embraced cotton khadi for its versatility and ability to be incorporated into various clothing styles.

One of the current fashion trends in cotton khadi is the use of bold and vibrant colors. Designers are experimenting with rich hues such as deep blues, fiery reds, and earthy browns to create eye-catching garments. Along with colors, patterns are also a key element in cotton khadi fashion. Artisans employ various design techniques like block printing, tie-dye, and embroidery to create intricate patterns that add a unique touch to the fabric.

In terms of design techniques, texture is playing a significant role in the current cotton khadi fashion. Designers are incorporating different weaving techniques to create fabrics with varied textures. From smooth and silky to coarse and textured, these fabrics offer a range of tactile experiences. This trend adds depth and visual interest to garments made from cotton khadi.

In conclusion, cotton khadi fabric holds a rich history and is manufactured through a meticulous process. It offers various types with unique characteristics, making it a versatile choice.

The benefits of cotton khadi fabric include its breathability, durability, and comfort. Proper care and maintenance can ensure its longevity. Moreover, cotton khadi fabric is sustainable, making it an eco-friendly option.

As for fashion and design trends, it continues to be a popular choice in both traditional and contemporary styles.

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  1. Khadi

    Khadi ( pronounced [kʰaːdiː], Khādī ), derived from khaddar, [1] [2] [3] is a hand-spun and woven natural fibre cloth promoted by Mahatma Gandhi as swadeshi (self-sufficiency) for the freedom struggle of the Indian subcontinent, and the term is used throughout India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

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    The first hand-woven cloth was produced in the Sabarmati Ashram between 1917 and 1918, and its coarseness led Mahatma Gandhi to name it Khadi. Gandhi recognized the potential of Khadi as a powerful tool to promote self-sufficiency and economic empowerment among the rural population.

  3. Brown Handspun Coarse Khadi with streaks Fabric-44 width

    Khadi Cotton Ikat Handloom MARIBOU WITH WHITE WAVY GRUNGE LINE IKAT FABRIC (Width 44 Inches) 157. ₹499.00 ₹374.25. Khadi Cotton Ikat Handloom Fabric Off white with Fairytale Color Ikat Fabric- (Width 44 Inches) 156. ₹499.00 ₹374.25. Khadi Cotton Ikat Handloom Fabric Off White With Black Lines Ikat Fabric (Width 44 Inches) 155.

  4. Everything You Need To Know About Khadi Fabric

    Khadi is a handwoven and hand-spun fabric made of natural fibers such as cotton, wool, or silk. Originated from India, khadi is a versatile material used for clothing that promotes high-quality, luxurious, and artisanal creations. Khadi fabric is a high-quality, luxurious textile with many incredible qualities for clothing.

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    September 4, 2023 by Rohan Are you curious about the exquisite fabric known as khadi silk? Look no further! In this article, we will delve into the fascinating history, production process, and unique characteristics of khadi silk fabric. Discover the different types of khadi silk and the benefits of wearing this luxurious material.

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    $20 Immerse yourself in the tactile allure of our Hand-Woven Coarse Khadi Fabric, where the coarse texture meets the finesse of hand weaving. Each thread is a testament to the artisan's dedication, creating a fabric that speaks of resilience and authenticity.

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    Part of the strong textile tradition of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, khadi is the coarse, handspun and hand-woven material usually made from cotton yarn. The making of khadi (derived from...

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    Khadi fabric keeps the body warm, making it winter-friendly. Khadi fabric is sustainable. Khadi items of clothing are durable compared to synthetic fibre. They last longer, which means less waste is generated. Khadi fabric is sustainable because of its eco-friendly manufacturing and production process. As it is handwoven, it reduces energy and ...

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  11. A History Of Khadi, India's Fabric Of Resistance

    Till today, khadi is the term ubiquitously used throughout India, Pakistan and Bangladesh to refer to varieties of coarse cotton cloth hand woven using hand spun yarn. Historically, this was the cloth typically worn by labouring and artisan groups in pre-industrial India.

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    Khadi forms a core element in aesthetics — and therefore, to some extent, the business plans — of brands like Paris-based Khadi & co., Los Angeles-based Dosa, or cult concept store Egg in London's Knightsbridge. All present khadi as loose flowing, handwoven, pure and earthy simplicity.

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    Khadi comes from the word khadar, handspun and handwoven textile that is very often considered quite coarse to touch. No cloth has been so symbolic of a country's fight for independence as Khadi is to India.

  15. Khadi Cotton

    Its coarse texture reflects the strength of the weavers who create it, their hands moving with precision and skill. Embodying the spirit of the Indian people, it signifies their unwavering commitment to freedom and self-sufficiency. Khadi Cotton: A Canvas of Simplicity and Earthy Beauty

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    This hand-spun fabric is usually associated with a coarse texture. However, "khadi (or khaddar) can actually refer to any natural fabric ... Khadi fabric can last for years if maintained properly. Wear it any way you want . Cotton khadi is used for making shirts, dresses and even sarees. Similarly, khadi silk is a favourite among the fashion ...

  17. Khadi: The fabric for India's fashionable and young

    Khadi, which was once a coarse fabric, has way too many variations when it comes to the weaves. We asked designer Resham Karmchandani, co-founder of The Pot Plant, a brand that uses khadi for its contemporary, gen-next pieces, to shed some light on the fabric. She states, "As far as the fabric goes, khadi has various beautiful weaves and is ...

  18. What Is Cotton Khadi Fabric

    Matka khadi is a type of khadi fabric that has a slightly rough and uneven texture. It is made from thick and coarse cotton fibers, which give it a unique rustic look. Matka khadi is often used to make home furnishings like curtains, bedspreads, and tablecloths.

  19. Khadi: When history, politics and economics are woven into a fabric

    The historical background. A thick fabric with an uneven texture, slightly coarse to the touch - that is how khadi or khoddor is known to us. But this plain-looking fabric, synonymous with our culture, has a rich political history. The British government was on the verge of destroying khadi - as they did with muslin.

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