Grammar Monster Logo

paper-free learning


  • conjunctions
  • determiners
  • interjections
  • prepositions
  • affect vs effect
  • its vs it's
  • your vs you're
  • which vs that
  • who vs whom
  • who's vs whose
  • averse vs adverse
  • 250+ more...
  • apostrophes
  • quotation marks
  • lots more...
  • common writing errors

FAQs by writers

  • awkward plurals
  • ESL vocabulary lists
  • all our grammar videos
  • idioms and proverbs
  • Latin terms
  • collective nouns for animals
  • tattoo fails
  • vocabulary categories
  • most common verbs
  • top 10 irregular verbs
  • top 10 regular verbs
  • top 10 spelling rules
  • improve spelling
  • common misspellings
  • role-play scenarios
  • favo(u)rite word lists
  • multiple-choice test
  • Tetris game
  • grammar-themed memory game
  • 100s more...

Grammar Monster

Free english grammar lessons and tests.

Advanced Learners or Teachers

Glossaries for Advanced Learners

Popular lessons for advanced learners.

Beginners or Kids

Vocabulary Lessons for Beginners or Kids

Spelling lessons for beginners or kids, grammar lessons for beginners or kids.

Games, Tests, and More

List of Tests and Games

Miscellaneous lists, advanced level test.

A-Z Grammar Terms

A-Z Confused Words

Common Writing Errors

Punctuation Lessons

A-Z Unusual Plurals

A-Z Common Idioms

Grammar Tests and Games

YouTube icon

A-Z Irregular Verbs

Tattoo Fails

Collective Nouns for Animals

Latin Terms

Word Lists for All Parts of Speech

Library of Video Lessons

favo(u)rite-word lists

Paper-Free Learning

green heart with leaves logo

To save paper, you can download the tests as Word documents for email attachments or as PowerPoints for classroom tests. You can even send the tests using messaging apps such as WhatsApp, Google Classroom, and Messenger.

author logo

This page was written by Craig Shrives .

test monster

Here are 10 randomly selected grammar questions.

This test is printable and sendable

Hundreds of games and tests

cartoon image of Albert Einstein

We have hundreds of games and tests .

Help Us Improve Grammar Monster

  • Do you disagree with something on this page?
  • Did you spot a typo?

Find Us Quicker!

  • When using a search engine (e.g., Google, Bing), you will find Grammar Monster quicker if you add #gm to your search term.

You might also like...

Share This Page

share icon

If you like Grammar Monster (or this page in particular), please link to it or share it with others. If you do, please tell us . It helps us a lot!

share icon

Create a QR Code

create QR code

Use our handy widget to create a QR code for this page...or any page.

< previous lesson

X Twitter logo

next lesson >

Log In   0 The website uses cookies for functionality and the collection of anonymised analytics data. We do not set cookies for marketing or advertising purposes. By using our website, you agree to our use of cookies and our privacy policy . We're sorry, but you cannot use our site without agreeing to our cookie usage and privacy policy . You can change your mind and continue to use our site by clicking the button below. This confirms that you accept our cookie usage and privacy policy.

Free English Grammar Lessons

How to use must, have to and should – modal verbs video.

‘Must’, ‘have to’ and ‘should’ are similar, but they aren’t the same. Learn what these verbs mean and how to use them correctly in this free video lesson.

Try Your First Online Class With A Teacher

Book your first class for just 8.99 USD!

Try A Class

English Modal Verbs Guide – Video

What are modal verbs, how can you use them, and why are they important? Find the answers to these questions in this lesson.

english grammar lessons

More English Grammar Lessons

Using should in english – video.

See Full Lesson

How to Talk About Time in English – Video

How to use the past perfect tense – video, uncountable nouns – video, grammar lesson #1 – improve sentence structure, how to improve english grammar – video, adjective order in english – video, can, could, be able to – modal verbs for ability – video.

Comments are closed.

  • Facebook 86
  • Odnoklassniki 1
  • Twitter 132
  • VKontakte 34
  • Pinterest 1
  • LinkedIn 59

Basic English Speaking

(40 Lessons) Basic English Grammar Rules With Example Sentences

When it comes to English speaking skills, you should not pay too much attention to grammar rules at first. However, this does not mean that we should ignore English grammar completely.

Needless to say, basic English grammar rules play an important role in learning English, both written and spoken. Without grammar rules, you can sometimes make yourself understood with short and simple expressions. However, you may fail most of the time with more complicated expressions that require the correct orders or structures of words.

Other lesson series:

  • Daily English Conversation - Questions and Answers by Topic
  • 100 Common English Phrases and Sentence Patterns
  • Common English Expressions and Daily Use English Sentences
  • 102 Common English Idioms with Meaning and Examples

As a beginner, you must know basic English grammar rules, as they show you how to arrange vocabulary and make meaningful expressions.

Below is a series of 40 basic English grammar lessons covering most of the English grammar tenses and most-used structures . All the lessons are designed with clear definitions, explanations and forms, followed by lots of examples.

Don’t try to learn by heart all the forms without doing any meaningful training. What you really need to do is take advantage of all the English grammar practice through sample sentences – in other words, you must understand how to use each rule and apply it to your daily speech .

12 Tenses in English

Present Simple Tense Present Continuous Tense Present Perfect Tense Past Simple Tense Past Continuous Tense Past Perfect Tense

Future Simple Tense Future Continuous Tense Future Perfect Tense Present Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense Future Perfect Continuous Tense


Modal verbs

WH - Questions

Question Tags


This, that, these, those


Passive voice

Comparative and superlative

Relative clause

Countable and uncountable noun

So, too, either, neither

either or, neither nor, not only … but also, both…and

Structure: find it/ something + adj + to do something, …

Irregular verb

Adverbs of frequency

Reflexive Pronouns

Possessive adjectives and pronouns

Reported speech

Subject/ verb inversion

Conjunction: and, but, so, because

Structure: too …to …

Structure: such … that …

Structure: it’s time to …./ it’s (high) time …

Structure: It’s no good/ use + V-ING, …

Structure: so …that

Quantifier: some and any, much and many, a lot of and lots of, few, a few and little, a little

P/S: If you find these lessons useful, please consider sharing with people and let us know what you think in the comment section below. Thanks!

Get Our Basic English Grammar Ebook (pdf)

Want to download all the grammar lessons to learn offline ? For just $4.99, you will get instant access to our Basic English Grammar ebook (pdf, 93 pages). It includes 40 basic English grammar lessons covering most of the English grammar tenses and most-used structures.

P/S: If you want to download more English lesson packages, check out 0ur Resources Page here .

Leave a Reply:

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

English Grammar 101

by Kitty Nash

Website Shutting Down August 1, 2024

Dear Subscribers:

Thank you for your support over the years. We will be shutting down this website on August 1, 2024. All customer information will be deleted on that day. Please download and save your records before July 1, 2024.

Cingletree Learning, LLC

  • Pretest: Nouns
  • Lesson 1: What Is a Noun?
  • Lesson 2: Common and Proper Nouns
  • Lesson 3: Singular and Plural Nouns 1
  • Lesson 4: Singular and Plural Nouns 2
  • Lesson 5: Irregular Plural Nouns
  • Lesson 6: Compound Nouns
  • Lesson 7: Collective Nouns
  • Lesson 8: Possessive Nouns
  • Lesson 9: Classifying Nouns
  • Review: Nouns
  • Posttest: Nouns
  • Start learning about Nouns

2. Pronouns

  • Pretest: Pronouns
  • Lesson 1: Personal Pronouns
  • Lesson 2: Cases of Personal Pronouns
  • Lesson 3: Challenging Uses of Cases
  • Review: Pronoun Cases
  • Quiz: Pronoun Cases
  • Lesson 4: Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns
  • Lesson 5: Interrogative Pronouns
  • Lesson 6: Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Lesson 7: Relative Pronouns
  • Lesson 8: Indefinite Pronouns
  • Review: Types of Pronouns
  • Quiz: Types of Pronouns
  • Lesson 9: Pronoun Agreement
  • Lesson 10: Challenges in Pronoun Agreement
  • Lesson 11: Indefinite Pronoun Agreement
  • Review: Pronoun Agreement
  • Quiz: Pronoun Agreement
  • Review: Pronouns
  • Posttest: Pronouns
  • Start learning about Pronouns

3. Verbs: Types, Tenses, and Moods

  • Pretest: Verbs: Types, Tenses, and Moods
  • Lesson 1: Action Verbs
  • Lesson 2: Linking Verbs
  • Lesson 3: Action vs. Linking Verbs
  • Lesson 4: Helping Verbs
  • Review: Types of Verbs
  • Quiz: Types of Verbs
  • Lesson 5: Principal Parts of Verbs
  • Lesson 6: Principal Parts: Spelling Chan...
  • Lesson 7: Irregular Verbs
  • Lesson 8: Tenses of Verbs
  • Lesson 9: Negative Statements
  • Lesson 10: Shifts in Verb Tense
  • Review: Using Tenses
  • Quiz: Using Tenses
  • Lesson 11: Transitive vs. Intransitive Ve...
  • Lesson 12: Phrasal Verbs
  • Lesson 13: Active vs. Passive Voice
  • Lesson 14: The Verb To Be
  • Lesson 15: Moods of Verbs
  • Review: Moods, etc.
  • Quiz: Moods, etc.
  • Review: Verbs: Types, Tenses, and Moods
  • Posttest: Verbs: Types, Tenses, and Moods
  • Start learning about Types, Tenses, & Moods

4. Verbs: Agreement and Challenges

  • Pretest: Verbs: Agreement and Challenges
  • Lesson 1: Agreement of Verbs
  • Lesson 2: Agreement: Subjects with And, ...
  • Lesson 3: Agreement: Collective Nouns
  • Lesson 4: Agreement: Nouns that End in s
  • Lesson 5: Agreement: Titles of Creative ...
  • Lesson 6: Agreement: Proper Nouns
  • Lesson 7: Agreement: Money, Time, and Me...
  • Lesson 8: Agreement: Fractions and Perce...
  • Lesson 9: Agreement: Indefinite Pronouns
  • Lesson 10: Agreement: Hard to Find Subjects
  • Lesson 11: Challenging Verbs: Lie/Lay
  • Lesson 12: Challenging Verbs: Sit/Set
  • Lesson 13: Challenging Verbs: Rise/Raise
  • Review: Verbs: Agreement and Challenges
  • Posttest: Verbs: Agreement and Challenges
  • Start learning about Agreement & Challenges

5. Sentence Parts

  • Pretest: Sentence Parts
  • Lesson 1: Simple Subjects
  • Lesson 2: Simple Predicates
  • Lesson 3: Challenging Subjects
  • Lesson 4: Compound Subjects and Predicates
  • Lesson 5: Complete Subjects and Predicates
  • Review: Subjects and Predicates
  • Quiz: Subjects and Predicates
  • Lesson 6: Direct Objects
  • Lesson 7: Challenges with Direct Objects
  • Lesson 8: Indirect Objects
  • Lesson 9: Subject Complements
  • Lesson 10: Object Complements
  • Lesson 11: Distinguishing Between Objects...
  • Lesson 12: Classifying Verbs
  • Review: Objects and Complements
  • Quiz: Objects and Complements
  • Review: Sentence Parts
  • Posttest: Sentence Parts
  • Start learning about Sentence Parts

6. Modifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs

  • Pretest: Modifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Lesson 1: Adjectives
  • Lesson 2: Different Types of Adjectives
  • Lesson 3: Compound Adjectives
  • Lesson 4: Order of Adjectives
  • Review: Identifying Adjectives
  • Quiz: Identifying Adjectives
  • Lesson 5: Adverbs Modifying Verbs
  • Lesson 6: Adverbs Modifying Adjectives
  • Lesson 7: Adverbs Modifying Other Adverbs
  • Lesson 8: Special Types of Adverbs
  • Lesson 9: Adjective versus Adverb
  • Review: Identifying Adverbs
  • Quiz: Identifying Adverbs
  • Lesson 10: Comparing with Adjectives and ...
  • Lesson 11: Challenging Comparisons
  • Lesson 12: Challenging Adjectives and Adv...
  • Lesson 13: Common Mistakes and Dangling M...
  • Review: Using Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Quiz: Using Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Review: Modifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Posttest: Modifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Start learning about Adjectives & Adverbs

7. Prepositions

  • Pretest: Prepositions
  • Lesson 1: Prepositions and Prepositional...
  • Lesson 2: Compound Prepositions and Comp...
  • Lesson 3: Preposition versus Adverb
  • Lesson 4: Adjective Prepositional Phrases
  • Lesson 5: Adverb Prepositional Phrases
  • Lesson 6: Prepositional Phrases as Nouns
  • Review: Prepositional Phrases
  • Quiz: Prepositional Phrases
  • Lesson 7: Layered Prepositional Phrases
  • Lesson 8: Adjective or Adverb Prepositio...
  • Lesson 9: Placement Problems and Danglin...
  • Lesson 10: Troublesome Prepositions
  • Lesson 11: Commas with Prepositional Phra...
  • Lesson 12: Idiomatic Verbs
  • Review: Working with Prepositional Phr...
  • Quiz: Working with Prepositional Phr...
  • Review: Prepositions
  • Posttest: Prepositions
  • Start learning about Prepositions

8. Conjunctions and Interjections

  • Pretest: Conjunctions and Interjections
  • Lesson 1: Coordinate Conjunctions
  • Lesson 2: Correlative Conjunctions
  • Lesson 3: Parallel Ideas
  • Lesson 4: Conjunctive Adverbs
  • Lesson 5: Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Lesson 6: Other Words that Act as Conjun...
  • Lesson 7: As / As if Versus Like
  • Lesson 8: Interjections
  • Review: Conjunctions and Interjections
  • Posttest: Conjunctions and Interjections
  • Start learning about Conjunctions & Interjections

9. Verbals and Phrases

  • Pretest: Verbals and Phrases
  • Lesson 1: Verbals
  • Lesson 2: Participles and Participial Ph...
  • Lesson 3: Restrictive and Nonrestrictive...
  • Lesson 4: Misplaced Participial Phrases
  • Lesson 5: Gerunds and Gerund Phrases
  • Lesson 6: Infinitives and Infinitive Phr...
  • Lesson 7: Classifying Verbals and Verbal...
  • Review: Verbals
  • Quiz: Verbals
  • Lesson 8: Appositives and Appositive Phr...
  • Lesson 9: Restrictive and Nonrestrictive...
  • Lesson 10: Absolute Phrases
  • Review: Appositive and Absolute Phrases
  • Quiz: Appositive and Absolute Phrases
  • Review: Verbals and Phrases
  • Posttest: Verbals and Phrases
  • Start learning about Verbals & Phrases

10. Clauses

  • Pretest: Clauses
  • Lesson 1: What is a Clause?
  • Lesson 2: Adjective Clauses
  • Lesson 4: Adverb Clauses
  • Lesson 5: Noun Clauses
  • Lesson 6: Classifying Dependent Clauses
  • Review: Clause Types
  • Quiz: Clause Types
  • Lesson 7: Kinds of Sentences/Sentence Pu...
  • Lesson 8: Simple and Compound Sentences
  • Lesson 9: Complex and Compound-Complex S...
  • Lesson 10: Classifying Sentences
  • Lesson 11: Run-On Sentences and Fragments
  • Review: Sentence Types
  • Quiz: Sentence Types
  • Review: Clauses
  • Posttest: Clauses
  • Start learning about Clauses

11. Capitalization

  • Pretest: Capitalization
  • Lesson 1: Names of People
  • Lesson 2: Titles
  • Lesson 3: Names of Places
  • Lesson 4: Names of Groups of People
  • Lesson 5: Names of Things
  • Lesson 6: Names in School
  • Lesson 7: Names on the Calendar
  • Lesson 8: Firsts
  • Lesson 9: Conventions
  • Review: Capitalization
  • Posttest: Capitalization
  • Start learning about Capitalization

12. Punctuation: End Marks and Commas

  • Pretest: Punctuation: End Marks and Commas
  • Lesson 1: Sentence End Marks
  • Lesson 2: Periods in Abbreviations
  • Lesson 3: Commas in a Series
  • Lesson 4: Commas with Adjectives
  • Lesson 5: Commas in Compound Sentences
  • Lesson 6: Commas in Complex Sentences
  • Lesson 7: Commas with Introductory Eleme...
  • Lesson 8: Commas with Interruptions
  • Lesson 9: Commas with Nonessential Eleme...
  • Lesson 10: Using Commas to Avoid the Absurd
  • Lesson 11: Comma Conventions
  • Review: Punctuation: End Marks and Commas
  • Posttest: Punctuation: End Marks and Commas
  • Start learning about End Marks & Commas

13. Punctuation: Quotation Marks

  • Pretest: Punctuation: Quotation Marks
  • Lesson 1: Quoting Someone's Exact Words
  • Lesson 2: Quotation Marks with Dialogue
  • Lesson 3: More on Quotation Marks with Dialogue
  • Lesson 4: Quotation Marks vs. Italics in Titles
  • Review: Punctuation: Quotation Marks
  • Posttest: Punctuation: Quotation Marks
  • Start learning about Quotation Marks

14. Additional Punctuation

  • Pretest: Additional Punctuation
  • Lesson 1: Apostrophes
  • Lesson 2: Semicolons
  • Lesson 3: Colons
  • Review: Apostrophes, Semicolons, and Colons
  • Quiz: Apostrophes, Semicolons, and Colons
  • Lesson 4: Hyphens
  • Lesson 5: The Em Dash and En Dash
  • Lesson 6: The Ellipsis
  • Lesson 7: Parentheses and Brackets
  • Lesson 8: The Slash (Virgule)
  • Review: Hyphen, Dash, Ellipsis, Parentheses, and Slash
  • Quiz: Hyphen, Dash, Ellipsis, Parentheses, and Slash
  • Review: Additional Punctuation
  • Posttest: Additional Punctuation
  • Start learning about Additional Punctuation

15. Troublesome Words 1

  • Pretest: Troublesome Words 1
  • Lesson 1: Lie, Lying, Lay, Lain vs. Lie,...
  • Lesson 2: Lie, Lying, Lay, Lain vs. Lay,...
  • Lesson 3: Its vs. It's, 'Tis
  • Lesson 4: Set vs. Sit
  • Lesson 5: Your vs. You're
  • Lesson 6: Their, There, and They're
  • Lesson 7: To, Too, and Two
  • Lesson 8: You and I vs. You and Me
  • Lesson 9: Who vs. Whom
  • Lesson 10: All Ready vs. Already
  • Lesson 11: All Together vs. Altogether
  • Lesson 12: All Ways vs. Always
  • Lesson 13: Everyone vs. Every One
  • Lesson 14: Award vs. Reward
  • Lesson 15: Anger, Angry vs. Mad
  • Lesson 16: Can vs. May
  • Lesson 17: Fewer vs. Less
  • Lesson 18: Lose vs. Loose
  • Review: Troublesome Words 1
  • Posttest: Troublesome Words 1
  • Start learning about Troublesome Words 1

16. Troublesome Words 2

  • Pretest: Troublesome Words 2
  • Lesson 1: Accept vs. Except
  • Lesson 2: Affect vs. Effect
  • Lesson 3: Advice vs. Advise
  • Lesson 4: Between vs. Among, Amongst
  • Lesson 5: Bad vs. Badly
  • Lesson 6: Breath vs. Breathe
  • Lesson 7: Bring, Take, Fetch, and Carry
  • Lesson 8: Capital vs. Capitol
  • Lesson 9: Complement vs. Compliment
  • Lesson 10: Emigrate vs. Immigrate
  • Lesson 11: Farther vs. Further
  • Lesson 12: Council vs. Counsel
  • Lesson 13: Principal vs. Principle
  • Lesson 14: Whether vs. Weather
  • Lesson 15: Allay vs. Alley vs. Ally
  • Lesson 16: Allude vs. Elude
  • Lesson 17: Allusion vs. Illusion
  • Lesson 18: All-round vs. All Around
  • Lesson 19: Alternate vs. Alternative
  • Lesson 20: Apprehend vs. Comprehend
  • Lesson 21: Born vs. Borne
  • Lesson 22: Censor vs. Censure
  • Lesson 23: Notable vs. Notorious, Notoriety
  • Lesson 24: Persecute vs. Prosecute
  • Lesson 25: Continual, Continuous, and Con...
  • Lesson 26: Sight vs. Site, Cite
  • Lesson 27: Stationary vs. Stationery
  • Review: Troublesome Words 2
  • Posttest: Troublesome Words 2
  • Start learning about Troublesome Words 2

My English Grammar

Ultimate English Grammar, Vocabulary, and Names Database

Grammar Lessons

Understanding and applying grammar rules is of utmost importance in written and spoken English. Proper grammar aids in conveying ideas clearly and enables seamless communication. This tutorial will guide you through the essential grammar lessons of the English language.

Table of Contents

Parts of Speech

A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples include boy, park, car, and freedom.

  • Types of Nouns
  • Functions of a Noun
  • Singular and Plural Nouns
  • Countable and Uncountable Nouns
  • Collective Nouns
  • Possessive form of nouns

Pronouns are words that replace or stand in for nouns in a sentence to avoid repetition. Examples include he, she, it, and they.

  • Personal Pronouns
  • Reflexive Pronouns
  • Relative Pronouns
  • Possessive Pronouns
  • Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Indefinite pronouns
  • Interrogative Pronouns
  • Reciprocal Pronouns
  • Intensive/Emphatic Pronouns

A verb shows an action or a state of being. Examples of action verbs include run, speak, and write. Examples of state of being verbs are am, is, and are.

  • Principal parts of a verb
  • Auxiliary Verbs
  • Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Regular and Irregular Verbs
  • Linking Verbs
  • Finite Verb and Nonfinite Verb
  • Stative/state verbs
  • Other types of verbs
  • Moods of the verb
  • Conjugation of verb

Adjectives describe or modify nouns or pronouns. They answer questions like which one, what kind, how many. Examples include happy, blue, and seven.

  • Types of Adjectives
  • Comparative Adjectives
  • Participial Adjectives
  • Adjectives Function as Nouns
  • Position of adjective in a sentence
  • Order of Adjectives

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They answer questions like how, when, where, how much. Examples include quickly, tomorrow, and very.

  • Types of Adverbs
  • Comparison of Adverbs
  • Forming Adverbs
  • Position of Adverbs
  • Conjunctions

Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence. Examples include and, but, so, and because.

  • Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Correlative Conjunctions
  • Connecting Conjunctions
  • Conjunctions Function as Preposition, Adverb, or Adjective
  • The conjunction ‘that’
  • Prepositions

Prepositions show a relationship between a noun (or pronoun) and another word in a sentence. Examples include in, on, at, and over.

  • Prepositions of Time
  • Prepositions of Place
  • Prepositions of Direction
  • Prepositions of Manner/Prepositions of Cause and Effect
  • Simple and Compound Prepositions
  • Same word used as preposition and other parts of speech
  • Same Word used as preposition and adverb
  • Positions of preposition in the sentence
  • Ending a sentence with a preposition

Sentence Structure

Sentence structure refers to the construction and organization of sentences in English. Proper sentence structure is crucial for clear and effective communication.

A complete sentence has a subject (who or what the sentence is about) and a predicate (what is said about the subject).

Types of Sentences

  • Declarative sentences make a statement. Example: The sky is blue.
  • Imperative sentences give a command or make a request. Example: Please close the door.
  • Interrogative sentences ask a question. Example: What time is it?
  • Exclamatory sentences express strong emotion. Example: What a beautiful sunset!
  • What is a Sentence?
  • Subject and Predicate
  • Subject Complement
  • Sentence Structures
  • Sentence Functions
  • Agreement within a Sentence
  • Sentence Errors
  • Parallelism
  • Summary: Proper sentence construction

Verb Tenses

Verb tenses indicate when an action happens. English has three basic tenses: past, present, and future. Each basic tense has four forms:

  • Progressive
  • Perfect Progressive

Present Tenses:

  • Simple Present Tense
  • Present Continuous Tense
  • Present Perfect Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tenses:

  • Simple Past Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Tenses:

  • Simple Future Tense
  • Future Continuous Tense
  • Future Perfect Tense
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Punctuation

Punctuation marks help clarify meaning, indicate a pause or a stop, and bring order to our writing. Here are some punctuations and their uses:

A period ends a sentence.

A comma separates items in a list, an independent clause, or elements in a sentence that need a slight break.

Semicolon (;)

A semicolon separates two related independent clauses.

A colon introduces a list, a quote, or an explanation.

Question Mark (?)

A question mark ends a sentence that asks a question.

Exclamation Point (!)

An exclamation point shows strong emotion or emphasis.

Quotation Marks (“ ”)

Quotation marks enclose direct quotes, dialogue, or titles of short works.

Apostrophe (‘)

An apostrophe shows possession or contraction.

All Lessons

  • Either and Neither
  • Either and Neither Used as Pronoun
  • Either and Neither Used as Determiner
  • Either and Neither Used as Conjunction
  • Either and Neither Used as Adverb
  • Using Nor Without Neither
  • Active and Passive Voice
  • Tenses in the Passive Voice
  • When to Use the Passive Voice
  • Facts About Passive Voice
  • Passive Sentence with Two Objects
  • Reasons for and Against Passive Voice
  • Verbs with Two Objects
  • More on Passive Voice
  • Passive Voice – Basic Modal Forms
  • Full Stop (Period)
  • Parentheses and Brackets
  • Question Mark
  • Exclamation Mark
  • Hyphen and Dash
  • Quotation Marks
  • Independent Clauses (Main Clauses)
  • Adjective Clauses
  • Dependent Clauses (Subordinate Clauses)
  • Adverbial Clauses
  • Noun Clauses
  • Relative Clauses
  • Finite and Nonfinite Clauses
  • Defining and Non-Defining Relative Clauses
  • That Clauses
  • Verb + -ing, Gerunds, and Particles
  • Verb -ing Used as a Noun or Gerund
  • Verb -ing Used as the Present Participle
  • Verb -ing Used as an Adjective
  • Verb -ing Used as a Gerund
  • Determiners and Quantifiers
  • Definite Article
  • A Lot of and Lots of
  • Both and Both the
  • Demonstratives
  • Possessive Determiners
  • Distributives
  • Few, A Few, Little, and A Little
  • Quantifiers for Countable Nouns
  • Quantifiers for Uncountable Nouns
  • Quantifiers for Countable and Uncountable Nouns
  • Some and Any
  • This, That, These, and Those
  • Principal Parts of a Verb
  • Finite Verb and Non-finite Verb
  • Other Types of Verbs
  • Stative (State) Verbs
  • Moods of the Verb
  • Conjugation of Verbs
  • Phrasal Verbs
  • Separable and Non-Separable Phrasal Verbs
  • Separable Transitive Phrasal Verbs
  • Non-Separable Transitive Phrasal Verbs
  • Non-Separable Intransitive Phrasal Verbs
  • Intransitive Phrasal Verbs
  • Three-Word Phrasal Verbs
  • Adjective Phrases
  • Adverbial Phrases
  • Appositive Phrases
  • Gerund Phrases
  • Infinitive Phrases
  • Participial Phrases
  • Prepositional Phrases
  • Absolute Phrases
  • Participles
  • Participles and Verb Tenses
  • Present Participles
  • Past Participles
  • Fused Participles
  • Dangling Participles
  • Kinds of Adjectives
  • Attributive and Predicative Adjectives
  • Indefinite Pronouns
  • Intensive or Emphatic Pronouns
  • Prepositions of Manner and Cause/Effect
  • Same Word Used as Preposition and Adverb
  • Same Word Used as Preposition and Other Parts of Speech
  • Positions of Preposition in the Sentence
  • Ending a Sentence with a Preposition
  • Agreement within a sentence
  • The Conjunction "That"
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • The Verb Must Agree with the Subject
  • Compound Subjects and the Verbs
  • Subjects Coming After the Verbs
  • Two Subjects (Nouns) with Singular Verb
  • Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns
  • Words That Intervene Between Subject and Verb
  • Definite Article "The"
  • Indefinite Articles "A" and "An"
  • Zero Article
  • Articles Before Countable and Uncountable Nouns
  • Same Noun Used with All Three Articles
  • Position of an Article in a Sentence
  • Receptacles/Objects That Are Used to Hold Things
  • Writing: Paragraph
  • Writing: Sentences
  • Writing: What Is a Sentence?
  • Writing: Subject and Predicate
  • Writing: Subject Complement
  • Writing: Sentence Functions
  • Writing: Sentence Errors
  • Writing: Parallelism
  • Writing: Proper Sentence Construction
  • Introduction to Tenses
  • Possessive Form of Nouns
  • Can and Could
  • May and Might
  • Will and Would
  • Shall and Should
  • Semi-Modal Verbs
  • Ought to and Used to
  • Dare and Need
  • Conditionals
  • The First Conditional
  • The Second Conditional
  • The Third Conditional
  • The Zero Conditional
  • Adjectives and Adverbs as Modifiers
  • Comparatives and Superlatives as Modifiers
  • Multiple Modifiers
  • Nouns as Modifiers
  • Participles as Modifiers
  • Phrases and Clauses as Modifiers
  • Dangling Modifiers
  • Misplaced and Squinting Modifiers
  • Indirect Speech
  • Direct Speech or Quoted Speech
  • Indirect Speech or Reported Speech
  • Changing Direct Speech to Indirect Speech
  • Changes in Indirect Speech
  • Reporting Questions

Grammar is the backbone of any language. Mastery of English grammar not only enhances your writing skills but also improves your communication skills. Practice and continual learning are vital for improving and maintaining your grammar proficiency. Happy studying!

Related Posts:

Grammar & Vocabulary Resources

Grammar is the way we arrange words to make proper sentences. Word-level grammar covers verbs and tenses, nouns, adverbs etc. Sentence-level grammar covers phrases, clauses, reported speech etc.

  • What is grammar?
  • Ask questions about grammar
  • 20 grammar rules
  • Grammar vocabulary
  • Grammar quizzes
  • Grammar games

Word level grammar

9 parts-of-speech.

Nouns Nouns represent people (teacher, Mary) , places (town, Asia) and things (table, music) .

Adjectives An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun (big, red, expensive) .

Adverbs Adverbs tell us more about verbs, adjectives or adverbs ( loudly, really, extremely) .

Prepositions A preposition expresses the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word (at, in, from) .

Pronouns Pronouns are small words like you, ours, some that can take the place of a noun.

Conjunctions Conjunctions join two parts of a sentence (and, but, though) .

Interjections Short exclamations with no real grammatical value (ah, dear, er)

Sentence-level grammar

Phrases The five main types of phrase in English. With Phrases quiz

What is a sentence? When is a sentence not a sentence? With What is a sentence? quiz

The 4 types of sentence Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, Exclamative. With 4 sentence types quiz

The 4 types of sentence structure Simple, compound, complex and compound-complex sentences. With Sentence structure quiz

Linking, intransitive and transitive verbs To understand sentence construction, it helps to know about these verbs. With Linking, intransitive and transitive verbs quiz

Direct object The direct object receives the action of the verb directly. With Direct object quiz

Indirect object The indirect object receives the direct object. With Indirect object quiz

Reported speech Here is the structure that we use to "report" what another person has said. With Reported speech quiz

Parenthetical expression Words added to a sentence without changing its meaning or grammar. With Parenthetical expression quiz

Grammatical category Including number, case, gender, tense, aspect etc. With Grammatical category quiz

Learn English with Gymglish EnglishClub

People often ask

FAQ: frequently asked grammar questions

  • What are the 12 rules of English grammar?
  • What is grammar in easy words?
  • What are the 5 types of grammar?
  • What are the basics of English grammar?

Grammar Theory

Universal grammar 🔈 The idea that the ability to learn a language is built into the human brain

More Grammar Articles

5 common subject-verb agreement mistakes of ESL students It’s not always easy to get the verb and the subject to agree in terms of number. Even native speakers sometimes get that wrong.

8 ways to use the preposition BY Andrew Forrester looks at different uses of “by” as a preposition, and gives you practical examples.

What's IN a preposition? When is a preposition not a preposition?

Grammar is your friend How grammar can help you to learn a language more easily

mobile-friendly ESL games

Grammar Games and Quizzes Online

Test your knowledge of English grammar with these fun online activities:

  • Adjective games
  • Adverb games
  • Grammar spelling quiz

Recommended Grammar Links

  • English grammar section on Cambridge Dictionary (British English)
  • Grammar pages at Purdue Online Writing Lab (American English)
  • Grammar page at Wikipedia
Whenever you correct someone's grammar just remember that nobody likes you. Jim Gaffigan

Word Place, Inc.

  • Lesson Archive
  • Word Place, Inc.

Daily Grammar Lesson Archive

This archive contains links to all of our free grammar lessons and quizzes.  You can use this archive to study Daily Grammar at your own pace.  Lessons 1-90 cover the eight parts of speech, which are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.  Lessons 91-300 cover the parts of the sentence, such as appositives, predicate nominatives, direct objects, prepositional phrases, clauses, and verbals.  Lessons 301-440 cover the mechanics of grammar, which is also known as capitalization and punctuation.  Our lessons have been organized by lesson number and by subject .

Lesson Index

english grammar lessons

My English Pages | Learn English Grammar Online

Learn english grammar online, free grammar help, english grammar reference lessons.

This is a list of grammar lessons arranged in different categories:

1. English tenses, 2. clauses, 3. other grammar points.

Study the lessons and then click on the exercises links at the bottom of the pages to check your comprehension!

Enjoy learning!

English Tenses - Review

How many tenses are there in English? Tenses - Review Examples of tenses The imperative Simple present ( "to be") Simple present (continued) Present continuous ING Spelling Rules Simple Present VS Present Continuous Simple Past ("to be") Simple past (continued) Spelling of the -ed forms (S.Past) Past continuous Future plan Simple future Future continuous Present perfect simple Present perfect continuous Simple past vs present perfect For and since with the present perfect Already, since, for, yet, just with the present perfect Past perfect simple Past perfect continuous Future perfect simple Future perfect continuous Subjunctive Conditional simple Conditional progressive Conditional perfect

Parts of Speech

Parts of speech Adjectives and adverbs Adjectives Adjective phrase Participial adjectives Placement of coordinate and cumulative adjectives Possessive adjectives Demonstrative adjectives Adjectival Nouns Comparatives and superlatives Adverbs Adverbs of frequency Position of adverbs Nouns The noun Attributive nouns Collective nouns Common and proper nouns Noun phrases Plurals Plural of compound nouns Masculine and feminine nouns Countable and uncountable nouns Subject Dummy subject there Pronouns Pronouns Personal pronouns Object pronouns Reflexive pronouns Possessive pronouns Relative pronouns Verbs The verb Transitive and intransitive verbs Finite verb Non-finite verb Auxiliary verbs Linking verbs Causative verbs State and dynamic verbs Phrasal verbs List of separable and inseparable phrasal verbs What are irregular verbs? List of irregular verbs Say or tell Prepositions Prepositions Prepositions of place Prepositions of time Other kinds of prepositions Prepositions: at, in and on At school or at the school Conjunctions and interjections Conjunctions As well as vs and The difference between also, as well, and too Interjection

Gerund and infinitive

The infinitive The gerund Gerund / infinitive

Modals Modals for obligation Modals in the present and past Must and have to Is need a modal verb? Shall and will

Object and predicate

Predicate Direct and indirect object

What are clauses? The sentence Adjective clauses Adverb clauses Noun clauses Conditional sentences If or Unless Relative clauses Concessive clause: although/in spite of Appositive Either / or and neither / nor As and like Who, whom, or whose? Who and whom Purpose Parallelism


Determiners Articles Possessive adjectives Demonstratives Quantifiers Some / any much / many A little / a few Fewer or less

Yes-no questions Wh-questions Tag Questions Like in questions

Other Grammar Points

Reported speech Free indirect speech Passive voice If only/I wish Used to, be used to, get used to Too and enough Intensifiers Genitive case Possessive case for proper nouns ending in s, z and x Negation There, their, they're Contraction Clipping Blending Abbreviations Acronyms

Quick Links

Awesome links you may like.

What are idioms? And how can idioms help you become a fluent speaker? Discover a list of the most widely used idiomatic expressions!

Phrasal verbs are generally used in spoken English and informal texts. Check out our list of hundreds of phrasal verbs classified in alphabetical order.

Do you want to provide emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity to your writing? Check out this list of figures of speech!

Do you need to learn the irregular verbs in English? Here is a list of irregular verbs with definitions and examples!

Follow us on YouTube

Free English Grammar Lessons and Exercises

Study pages.

  • Phrasal verbs
  • Figures of speech
  • Study Skills
  • Global tests
  • Business English
  • Dictionaries
  • Studying in the USA
  • Visit the world
  • Shared resources
  • Teaching materials

Latest Blog Posts

Learn english the fun way, efl and esl community.

Subscribe and get the latest news and useful tips, advice and best offer.

A1-A2 grammar

A1-A2 grammar

Are you a learner at A1 (elementary) or A2 (pre-intermediate)  English level?

In this section you can improve your grammar with our clear and simple grammar lessons. Start with an exercise to test your understanding. Then, read the explanation to improve your grammar knowledge. Finally, test your understanding again to see if you have improved.

Choose a grammar point and start improving your grammar today. Good luck!

Choose a grammar lesson

Adjectives and prepositions

Adjectives and prepositions

Do you know how to use adjectives with prepositions like interested in or similar to ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Adjectives and prepositions
  • Log in or register to post comments

Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Do you know the difference between bored  and boring ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Articles: 'a', 'an', 'the'

Articles: 'a', 'an', 'the'

Do you know how to use a , an and the ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Articles: 'a', 'an', 'the'

Articles: 'the' or no article

Articles: 'the' or no article

Do you know when you need to use the in common phrases and place names? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Articles: 'the' or no article

Comparative adjectives

Comparative adjectives

Do you know how to use comparative adjectives like older , better and more interesting ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Comparative adjectives

Infinitive of purpose

Infinitive of purpose

Do you know how and when to use an infinitive to talk about purpose? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Infinitive of purpose

Nouns: countable and uncountable

Nouns: countable and uncountable

Do you know how to use a , some , any , much and many ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Nouns: countable and uncountable

Past continuous and past simple

Past continuous and past simple

Do you know how to use the past continuous and past simple? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Past continuous and past simple

Possessive 's

Possessive 's

Do you know how to use possessive 's ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Possessive 's

A1-A2 Grammar: Prepositions of place – 'in', 'on', 'at'

Prepositions of place – 'in', 'on', 'at'

Do you know how to use in , on and at to talk about location? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Prepositions of place – 'in', 'on', 'at'

Prepositions of time: 'at', 'in', 'on'

Prepositions of time: 'at', 'in', 'on'

Do you know how and when to use at , in and on to talk about time? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Prepositions of time: 'at', 'in', 'on'

young man cooking

Present simple

Do you know how to use the present simple? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Present simple

Present simple: 'have got'

Present simple: 'have got'

Do you know how to use have and have got ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Present simple: 'have got'

young woman studying

Present simple: 'to be'

Do you know how to use the verb to be in the present simple? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Present simple: 'to be'

Quantifiers: 'few', 'a few', 'little' and 'a bit of'

Quantifiers: 'few', 'a few', 'little' and 'a bit of'

Do you know how to use a few , few , very little and a bit of ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Quantifiers: 'few', 'a few', 'little' and 'a bit of'

Question forms

Question forms

Do you know how to make questions? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Question forms

Using 'there is' and 'there are'

Using 'there is' and 'there are'

Do you know how to use there is and there are ? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Using 'there is' and 'there are'

Verbs followed by '-ing' or infinitive

Verbs followed by '-ing' or infinitive

Do you know when to use - ing and when to use to + infinitive after a verb? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

  • Read more about Verbs followed by '-ing' or infinitive

Learn to use grammar correctly and confidently

Our online English classes feature lots of useful learning materials and activities to help you improve your understanding of A1- to A2-level grammar in a safe and inclusive learning environment.

Practise using grammar with your classmates in live group classes, get grammatical support from a personal tutor in one-to-one lessons or practise grammar by yourself at your own speed with a self-study course.

Explore courses

Online courses

Footer:Live classes

Group and one-to-one classes with expert teachers.


Learn English in your own time, at your own pace.

Footer:Personalised Tutor

One-to-one sessions focused on a personal plan.

Footer:IELTS preparation

Get the score you need with private and group classes.  

  • Advanced Skills
  • Roots & Affixes
  • Grammar Review
  • Verb Tenses
  • Common Idioms
  • Learning English Plan
  • Pronunciation
  • TOEFL & IELTS Vocab.
  • Vocab. Games
  • Grammar Practice
  • Comprehension & Fluency Practice
  • Suggested Reading
  • Lessons & Courses
  • Lesson Plans & Ideas
  • ESL Worksheets+
  • What's New?

English Grammar Lessons: Review English Usage

Free english grammar lessons.

Do you need to take English grammar lessons to learn English? No. Children learn a language with no formal lessons at all. They listen (a lot) and then start speaking, a little at a time. If you are just beginning to study English, don’t start with grammar terms.  

First listen to some basic conversations and learn some simple phrases. Listen and practice as much as you can. You will begin to understand the basics of English even without formal study.

Too much emphasis on grammar in the beginning may even make it harder to speak fluently. Thinking too much about what’s correct makes it more difficult to express your thoughts.

Instead, try to think in English. The best way to gain fluency and understanding is to listen a lot, read a lot, and speak freely. Don’t worry about perfect grammar.

If you have never taken a class in English, you might start studying online by listening. There are useful basic English conversations in  Randall's ESL Listening Lab . You could also try a website that teaches English using your first language. (For Spanish-speakers, try  Pumarosa . My beginning students found it helpful.)

So Why Study Grammar?

Images:  questioning lady & detective. Text: Knowing basic English grammar will help you understand & be understood in English. 'Find answers to your questions: Who, what, when, where, how, &... why?'

As your English improves, you do need to understand how English works. Then English grammar lessons or review can help you understand more and express yourself more clearly.

You'll learn how sentences are organized.  You'll find the grammatical clues to answer your questions:

  • Sentence order, nouns & verbs tell you WHAT happened & WHO did it. 
  • Tense tells you WHEN. 
  • As for HOW, WHERE, & WHY, you’ll have to read on to find out… 

Grammar Basics: Who, What, When, Where, How, & Why

Grammar is the structure of a language: the way words work together. In this section, we will look at English grammar lessons on Parts of Speech (nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.). English Nouns , English Pronouns , and English Verbs  give more detailed explanations.

Nouns answer WHO did something, and to whom they did it. Verbs tell you WHAT they did. (In English, sentence structure is also essential for making it the who & what clear.) Adverbs tell you HOW , and adjectives give more details. Prepositions clarify WHERE and WHEN.

English Sentence Structure ,  Negative Sentences , Question Formation , Compound Sentences , and Complex Sentences,  explain how to form sentences in English. Complex sentences (especially those using adverb clauses ), modal verbs , and transition words  can help us answer 'WHY?' They explain the relationships between ideas.

See  Subject-verb Agreement  for practice with this important grammar point. Even English speakers sometimes have trouble making their subjects and verbs agree. Understanding it can help make your writing clearer.

The Challenge of English Verb Forms

Learning English verbs (especially the past tenses) takes time! There are so many related tenses and modal verbs, and each changes the meaning of a sentence. There are also many irregular verbs in the past tense. At least English verb conjugations are simple compared to many languages.

For most verbs, you only need to learn five closely-related forms: 

  • the base form (for the simple present tense, or add 'to' to form infinitives), 
  • the third person singular present, 
  • the present participle (for continuous tenses), 
  • the simple past, 
  • and the past participle (for the perfect tenses.) 

All the tenses and moods are made using these five forms and various helping (auxiliary) verbs.

Thus, for example, the five forms of the verb  to live  are:

live, lives, living, lived, and lived.

For the verb  to do  :

do, does, doing, did, done.

The verb  to be  is the most useful and most difficult. (Note that its infinitive (and what you might call its base form, 'be,' is not the same as its present tense plural form.) It is the only English verb with three forms in the present:

(I)  am , (you, we, or they)  are , and (he, she, or it)  is  (3rd person singular.)

'To be' has two forms in the past, unlike any other English verb:

(I, he, she, or it)  was ,

and (you, we, or they)  were .

The present and past participles of ‘to be’ are simple: being and been.

For more information on the present, past, and future of verbs, see  English Verb Tenses.   (The present and past participles can also sometimes be used as nouns or adjectives. English parts of speech can be very flexible!)

Practice English Grammar

To practice with verbs (as well as other grammar) see  Grammar Practice.  For Modal Verbs, see  Modal Verbs ,  Modals Practice ,  Using Helping Verbs to Give Advice , and  Practice Giving Advice , as well as Adverb Clause & Complex Sentence Practice .

Don't get discouraged! With a little practice (and a lot of listening and reading), English grammar will begin to feel natural to you.

Where to Start?

Still not sure where to start? Try  English Sentence Structure,   Negative Sentences , or  Question Formation .

  • English Grammar

Didn't find what you needed? Explain what you want in the search box below. (For example, cognates, past tense practice, or 'get along with.') Click to see the related pages on EnglishHints.

english grammar lessons

New! Comments

Would you prefer to share this page with others by linking to it?

  • Click on the HTML link code below.
  • Copy and paste it, adding a note of your own, into your blog, a Web page, forums, a blog comment, your Facebook account, or anywhere that someone would find this page valuable.

Teacher-owl with glasses and a pointer  sitting on a computer (logo for EnglishHints)

What's New?-- site blog

Learn about new and updated pages on EnglishHints, with just enough information to decide if you want to read more.

english grammar lessons

Learn irregular verbs more easily with the patterns in these 12 lists.

english grammar lessons

Learn and practice the past, present, and future English verb tenses  (including continuous, conditional, and perfect tenses) on this page and the related pages it links to.

english grammar lessons

You can find useful grammar practice exercises by clicking links on this page.

4 professionals looking at documents on a table. Text: 'Each advanced English student has a unique set of skills & needs.'

Do you already use English in your profession or studies-- but realize you need more advanced English or communication skills in certain areas?

I can help-- with targeted suggestions & practice on EnglishHints or with coaching or specialized help for faster results. Let me know. I can suggest resources or we can arrange a call.

Vocabulary in Minutes a Month

Sign up for our free newsletter, English Detective .  In a few minutes twice a month you can: 

  • Improve your reading fluency with  selected articles & talks on one subject (for repeated use of key words)
  • Understand and practice those words using explanations, crosswords, and more 
  • Feel more confident about your English reading and vocab. skills-- and more prepared for big tests & challenges

For information (and a free bonus), see Building Vocabulary 


Home  |  About me    |   Privacy Policy   |     Contact me   |  Affiliate Disclosure  

english grammar lessons

Microsoft 365 Life Hacks > Writing > Grammar 101: Building a Foundation for Great Writing with Grammar Basics

Grammar 101: Building a Foundation for Great Writing with Grammar Basics

Grammar—all those rules and structures that govern written and spoken language—might seem to some like a tedious affair. But the truth is that without some rules in place to follow, we would probably struggle to understand each other’s speech and writing at all. In fact, whether you know it or not, you’ve already acquired an understanding of many grammar rules just by going about your business.

Laptop computer with books, pen and yellow legal pad.

While many of these grammar rules are made to be broken, having a basic awareness and command of grammar in your writing is of vital importance: With the right understanding and approach, you can help ensure that you present your best self on the page—you can make sure that your best ideas are clearly presented and understood by whoever reads them.

Write with Confidence using Editor Banner

Write with Confidence using Editor

Elevate your writing with real-time, intelligent assistance

Word processing features like spelling and grammar checkers can make it easy to spot simple errors in our writing. And AI-powered digital writing assistants like Microsoft Editor and Grammarly with more advanced features and capabilities can make it even easier to ensure that your writing is clear, error-free, and the best that it can be. But being armed with a range of in-depth grammatical knowledge can still be a huge help for which there’s no real substitute. Not only will you be able to able to pick out potential mistakes on your own, but you’ll have a better sense of all the tools available to you to get your best ideas across.

At the end of the day, gaining grammar knowledge is all about expanding that tool set. Because great writers aren’t just creative thinkers and communicators; they’re also master technicians who are highly conscious of how to structure and control their words on the page—whether that’s in emails or letters , resumes or reports .

So to jumpstart your journey toward mastery, we’ve covered some of the grammar basics that will get you on your way.

Basic Grammar Concepts: Parts of Speech

To start expanding your grammar knowledge, it’s helpful to begin with an understanding of the eight traditional parts of speech that make up our sentences: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, interjections, and conjunctions. Each of these parts of speech has a distinct role to play in how we communicate, and a grasp of their basic definition and function will serve you well in any future grammar lessons.

Nouns: The people, places, things, or ideas we refer to in our writing and speech. Nouns can refer to concrete, unique things as well as abstract concepts.

Examples: accountant, New York, boredom, Tom Hanks

While there a number of ways to classify all the kinds of the people, places, and things that we refer to in language, nouns can broadly be broken down into categories:

  • Examples: woman, car, city, mountain, book
  • Examples: Alice, Ford Edsel, Beijing, Denali, Moby Dick

Pronouns: Words that take the place of any nouns in a sentence.

Examples: I, me, my, she, he, they, we, who, yours, them

Verbs: Words that express actions or states of being. Verbs typically indicate what the subject (or main noun) in a sentence is doing or feeling.

Examples: I wrote a sentence. I called my mother. I will walk my dog. I am happy.

Adjectives: Adjectives provide description in our sentences. Crucially, though, they specifically identify, modify, or describe a noun.

Examples: I wrote a beautiful sentence. I called my wonderful mother. I will walk my restless dog. I am happy .

Adverbs: Adverbs also add description to our sentences. However, what distinguishes them from adjectives is that they describe verbs—instead of characterizing a person, place, or thing, adverbs provide information about when, where, why, and how something is done.

Examples: I carefully wrote a sentence. I finally called my mother. Importantly , I walked my dog. I am very happy.

Prepositions: These words link information about the time, location, or logical relationship of one noun to another word in a given sentence. Importantly, they tell us things like when or where one thing is among other things.

Examples: I wrote a sentence in a Word document. I called my mother on her birthday. I walked my dog around the park.

Interjections: Often followed by exclamation points, these are words or expressions that convey emotions.

Examples: Oops! There’s an error in that sentence. Oh, gosh! I forgot to call my mother.

Conjunctions: These words (like and , but , and or ) connect words, concepts, parts of sentences, and even whole sentences.

Examples: I wanted to call my mother. However , I ran out of time today. I will make it up to her and call sometime tomorrow.

Identifying Parts of Speech

Once you’ve got these basic grammar concepts down, you’ll be on your way to becoming an expert. Of course, you’ll need to not just be able to know what distinguishes these parts of speech but also identify them in a given sentence. To help, here a few tips to identifying certain parts of speech based on their suffixes—that is, based on the letters that come at the end of the word:

Nouns: -ance (insurance); -dom (freedom); -ence (persistence); -er (trainer); -or (editor); -ism (modernism); -ist (scientist); -ity (responsibility); -ness (happiness); -ship (championship)

Verbs: -ate (indicate); -ify (specify); -ize (specialize). While you’ll have to look more closely at these words to know their part of speech, verbs can also end in -s (she walks ), -ed (she walked ), and -n or -en (she has fallen ; her offer was withdrawn ).

Adjectives: -able (comfortable); -al (temporal); -ible (terrible); -esque (picturesque); -ful (beautiful); -ic (drastic); -ish (selfish); -ive (apprehensive); -ous (gorgeous); -less (careless); -y (creamy).

Adverbs: -ly (carefully). While many adverbs end in -ly, there are exceptions to watch out for: Anytime you add -ly to an adjective it creates an adverb. However, adding –ly to a noun produces an adjective (brotherly, cowardly).

Beginning Grammar: Sentence Components and Verb Tenses

Sentence components.

In English grammar, sentences are composed of two principal parts: the subject and the predicate . In simple terms, the subject is who or what the sentence is about. Meanwhile, the predicate contains information about the subject.

Example Sentence: The city of Chicago is a beautiful place to visit.

  • Subject: The city of Chicago
  • Predicate: is a beautiful place to visit.

Almost all sentences will include both of these parts, although there are some exceptions. For instance, an in imperative sentence (one that communicates a command or demand) typically omits the subject of the sentence (usually you) because it is understood or implied, as in: Pass the butter, please. or Give me a break! or Do not pass Go, do not collect $200.

Verb Tenses

One other helpful tool to kick start your grammar learning journey is a basic understanding of verb tenses. In short, verb tense refers to when the action a verb describes occurs. While each of these breaks down into further, more specific classifications, that’s a more advanced lesson for another day. For now, you can get through Grammar 101 with a simple understanding of the three main verb tenses:

Past: Past tense verbs describe something that has already happened

Example: I ran a marathon.

Present: The present tense describes things that are happening currently or continuously.

Example: I am running a marathon. I run marathons.

Future: Future tense verbs describe an action that has not happened yet or will happen.

Example: I will run a marathon next year.

Continuing On: Beyond Basic Grammar

All this information, of course, just scratches the surface. Grammar is ultimately a limitless pursuit, and one which evolves along with any language over time—just as your understanding and mastery of it will as you keep reading and writing.

But this lesson in Grammar 101 should still serve you well as you look to improve your own writing skills. Whatever you’re writing and wherever you’re writing it—whether it’s in Google Docs or Microsoft Word —you can take these basic English grammar concepts and terms and build on them.

More importantly, you can build your confidence and start to move on to the nitty-gritty aspects of not just grammar but what makes great writing truly great, taking each lesson back with you every time you explore your brightest ideas on the page.

Microsoft 365 Logo

Get started with Microsoft 365

It’s the Office you know, plus the tools to help you work better together, so you can get more done—anytime, anywhere.

Topics in this article

More articles like this one.

english grammar lessons

Why our keyboard layouts are the way they are

Type sentences quickly by understanding the standard keyboard layout. Learn about the QWERTY keyboard layout and alternative layout options.

english grammar lessons

When to use cannot versus can not

Cannot or can not? Learn when to use each, master their differences, and boost your writing accuracy.

english grammar lessons

What is forensic linguistics?

Forensic linguistics is employed by legal authorities to help solve crimes. Understand how forensic linguistics works, and how it benefits the legal system.

english grammar lessons

Understanding the quibble plot device

Plot devices like quibbles are great tools for enhancing a storyline and keeping readers engaged. Learn what a quibble is and how to use them in your writing.

Everything you need to achieve more in less time

Get powerful productivity and security apps with Microsoft 365

LinkedIn Logo

Explore Other Categories

English worksheets & lessons for beginners

Advanced english grammar lessons (with PDF)

Advanced english grammar lessons (free pdf).

Are you looking for advanced English grammar lessons ?  This is the page you need!

If you want to progress or strengthen your knowledge of the English language, you absolutely must know the essential grammar rules, and this page contains all the keys to learn English at your own pace.

The 34 advanced english grammar lessons you will find here are very easy to understand and will help you improve your grammar skills in an ideal way. They all have been designed to help you understand, read and speak today’s English.

I’m 100% sure the resources you’ll find here will help you a lot.

If you’re a teacher, you can also use them if you are teaching ESL ( English as a Second Language ) totally for free!

Each English advanced grammar lessons includes:

  • the essential advanced grammar rules
  • grammar tips that will help you to pass your exams
  • simple and clear examples
  • a free downloadable PDF of the lesson is the website you need to learn English quickly and efficiently!

To go to the beginners grammar lessons page, click here !

  • How to use the Passive Voice
  • How to use Should
  • How to use Could
  • How to use Would
  • What is a superlative?
  • What is the comparative?
  • Conditional sentences rules
  • How to use from in English
  • How to use ‘By’ 
  • How to use Rather (Would rather)
  • Prepositions (at, of, from, into…)
  • Prepositions of time (ago, for, since)
  • Preposition of place
  • List of prepositions
  • Direct and Indirect speech
  • Either and Neither: what’s the difference?
  • Compound words in -ever (whoever, whatever, whichever…)
  • ‘Need and ‘needn’t’
  • Prefixes and suffixes (-able, -ness, -ity…)
  • How to write dates in English
  • How to use short answers (No, I don’t)
  • Me too and Me neither
  • Reflexive pronouns (myself, herself…)
  • Each, every and all
  • Some, any, no
  • Indefinite pronouns 
  • Wishes and regrets
  • May and might
  • So and Such
  • Whose and whom: what’s the difference?
  • Compound nouns
  • Countable and uncountable nouns
  • Common mistakes in English

TAGS: advanced english grammar, advanced english grammar pdf, advanced grammar, english advanced grammar, english grammar advanced, grammar advanced, advanced grammar english, advanced grammar rules, advanced grammar lessons, advanced english grammar lessons, english grammar for advanced, difficult english grammar, learn advanced english grammar, 


Reading & Math for K-5


  • Learning numbers
  • Comparing numbers
  • Place Value
  • Roman numerals
  • Subtraction
  • Multiplication
  • Order of operations
  • Drills & practice
  • Measurement
  • Factoring & prime factors
  • Proportions
  • Shape & geometry
  • Data & graphing
  • Word problems
  • Children's stories
  • Leveled Stories
  • Context clues
  • Cause & effect
  • Compare & contrast
  • Fact vs. fiction
  • Fact vs. opinion
  • Main idea & details
  • Story elements
  • Conclusions & inferences
  • Sounds & phonics
  • Words & vocabulary
  • Reading comprehension
  • Early writing
  • Numbers & counting
  • Simple math
  • Social skills
  • Other activities
  • Dolch sight words
  • Fry sight words
  • Multiple meaning words
  • Prefixes & suffixes
  • Vocabulary cards
  • Other parts of speech



  • Cursive alphabet
  • Cursive letters
  • Cursive letter joins
  • Cursive words
  • Cursive sentences
  • Cursive passages
  • Grammar & Writing


Grammar and Writing Workbook for Grade 1

Download & Print Only $5.29

Grammar & Writing Worksheets

Writing skills for k-5.

Use these free, printable grammar and writing worksheets to study basic grammar including parts of speech (nouns, verbs ....), capitalization, punctuation and the proper writing of sentences and texts.

english grammar lessons

Grammar and writing by grade:

Grammar and writing by topic:.

Other Parts of Speech

What is K5?

K5 Learning offers free worksheets , flashcards  and inexpensive  workbooks  for kids in kindergarten to grade 5. Become a member  to access additional content and skip ads.

english grammar lessons

Our members helped us give away millions of worksheets last year.

We provide free educational materials to parents and teachers in over 100 countries. If you can, please consider purchasing a membership ($24/year) to support our efforts.

Members skip ads and access exclusive features.

Learn about member benefits

This content is available to members only.

Join K5 to save time, skip ads and access more content. Learn More

  • Forgot Password?

English-Bisaya Grammar, in Twenty Eight Lessons

Publisher description.

With centuries of literature, it's inevitable that some will fall through the cracks. We hunt down public domain works and restore them so they're not lost to the world. Who are we? We're Cairn Press. Our background is in design, publishing, typography, and technology. These skills fuel our mission to create the highest quality Public Domain eBooks available online, at an affordable price. We give them the treatment they deserve; our proprietary process restores books for a better overall user experience in design, readability, and e-reader compatibility. Discover a piece of history with this digital edition eBook of English-Bisaya Grammar, in Twenty Eight Lessons, by Pedro Jiménez. Restored with care and true to the original work, this work has been deemed culturally important by scholars and is a fundamental part of our civilization's knowledge base. Pick up your copy today. Genres: Cebuano language – Grammar

More Books by Pedro Jiménez


  1. Pin on English Learning and Grammar

    english grammar lessons

  2. English Grammar

    english grammar lessons

  3. Grammar Teaching Order

    english grammar lessons

  4. 10 Grammar Worksheets High School ~ edea-smith

    english grammar lessons

  5. Personal Information Dialog

    english grammar lessons

  6. English Grammar Worksheets

    english grammar lessons


  1. English Grammar Step by Step Guide for Beginners

  2. Learn English Grammar with easy method

  3. English Grammar

  4. English Grammar_ Basic_'What is grammar'_ (1)

  5. Grammar- Lesson 4

  6. English Grammar Exercise


  1. Grammar Monster: Free English Grammar Lessons and Tests

    Free English Grammar Lessons and Tests Welcome to Grammar Monster! We've got it all! We have hundreds of lessons, tests, games, and word lists covering everything from basic vocabulary to tips for advanced writers. Our site is rammed with teaching resources, including video lessons, printable word lists, and shareable tests. Everything is free!

  2. Grammar

    Revise and practise your grammar with clear explanations and practice exercises for different English levels. Choose a grammar point to work on and improve your confidence and language level with the British Council's online English classes.

  3. Free English Grammar Lessons

    Learn English grammar with free video lessons from Oxford Online English. Topics include modal verbs, passive voice, articles, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and more. Watch on or try a class with a teacher.

  4. Basic English Grammar Rules With Example Sentences

    Learn the 12 tenses, modal verbs, WH-questions, conditionals, and other basic English grammar rules with clear definitions, explanations and forms, followed by lots of examples. Download the Basic English Grammar ebook (pdf) for more lessons and resources.

  5. English Grammar 101

    Learn the basics of English grammar with online lessons on nouns, pronouns, verbs, types, tenses, moods, agreement, sentence parts, modifiers, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and conjunctions. Each lesson has a pretest and a posttest to test your knowledge and improve your skills.

  6. Grammar Rules: The Ultimate Guide

    Discover how English grammar works by diving into grammar rules and learning resources. Research basic grammar topics—including parts of speech, such as mechanics, syntax, and punctuation—to cultivate your grammar practice. ... Learn more about common English grammar rules through these tips and examples. "Who" vs. "Whom"

  7. Learn English Grammar

    Preply offers free online courses and private lessons for English grammar topics, such as adjectives, adverbs, affixes, conjunctions, determiners, nouns, prepositions, verbs, pronouns, tenses and sentences. Learn from language experts and improve your skills with clear explanations, examples and insights.

  8. Grammar Lessons

    Grammar Lessons. Understanding and applying grammar rules is of utmost importance in written and spoken English. Proper grammar aids in conveying ideas clearly and enables seamless communication. This tutorial will guide you through the essential grammar lessons of the English language.

  9. BBC Learning English


  10. Basic English Grammar Lessons 101: Rules for Beginners

    Learn more English grammar lessons in one of our FREE online classes: this English grammar 101 lesson, you'll learn all about the 8 d...

  11. Grammar

    EnglishClub : Learn English : Grammar. Grammar is the way we arrange words to make sentences. Word-level grammar covers verbs, nouns, adverbs etc. Sentence-level grammar covers phrases, clauses, reported speech...

  12. Daily Grammar Lesson Archive

    Lessons 1-90 cover the eight parts of speech, which are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Lessons 91-300 cover the parts of the sentence, such as appositives, predicate nominatives, direct objects, prepositional phrases, clauses, and verbals.

  13. Grammar

    Learn the rules and conventions of Standard American English with 10 units of grammar lessons on parts of speech, punctuation, syntax, and usage. Test your knowledge with quizzes, unit tests, and course challenges.

  14. English Grammar Lessons

    English Grammar Reference Lessons This is a list of grammar lessons arranged in different categories: 1. English tenses, 2. clauses, 3. other grammar points. Study the lessons and then click on the exercises links at the bottom of the pages to check your comprehension! Enjoy learning! English Tenses - Review How many tenses are there in English?

  15. ALL English Tenses in 20 Minutes

    Learn ALL 16 TENSES Easily in under 30 Minutes - Present, Past, Future, Conditional English with Lucy 3M views Do You Have 1 Hour? You Can Speak Like a Native English Speaker 35 + English...

  16. C1 grammar

    C1 grammar. Are you a learner at C1 (advanced) English level? In this section you can improve your grammar with our clear and simple grammar lessons. Start with an exercise to test your understanding. Then, read the explanation to improve your grammar knowledge. Finally, test your understanding again to see if you have improved.

  17. Basic English Grammar Course for Beginners

    Basic English Grammar Course for Beginners | 37 Lessons | Learn with Esther - YouTube 0:00 / 5:27:11 👉Free English Video Classes and Community ChatJoin our WhatsApp:...

  18. A1-A2 grammar

    21 Infinitive of purpose Do you know how and when to use an infinitive to talk about purpose? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you. 13 Nouns: countable and uncountable Do you know how to use a, some, any, much and many ?

  19. Free English Grammar Lessons

    Grammar is the structure of a language: the way words work together. In this section, we will look at English grammar lessons on Parts of Speech (nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.). English Nouns, English Pronouns, and English Verbs give more detailed explanations. Nouns answer WHO did something, and to whom they did it.

  20. Grammar 101: Learning English Grammar Basics

    Learn the basics of grammar, such as the eight parts of speech, verb forms, and word order, to improve your writing skills and avoid common errors. This article covers the grammar concepts that will help you write with confidence and clarity, and how to use Microsoft Editor and Grammarly to help you along the way.

  21. Advanced english grammar lessons (with PDF)

    The 34 advanced english grammar lessons you will find here are very easy to understand and will help you improve your grammar skills in an ideal way. They all have been designed to help you understand, read and speak today's English. I'm 100% sure the resources you'll find here will help you a lot.

  22. Learn all the Tenses in English: Complete Course

    113K Share 4.3M views 1 year ago Do you want to learn all the English tenses, clearly and one step at a time? This is the course for you. Learn English Tenses is a free, 10-hour program...

  23. Grammar and Writing Worksheets

    K5 Learning offers free worksheets, flashcards and inexpensive workbooks for kids in kindergarten to grade 5. Become a member to access additional content and skip ads. Grammar and writing worksheets for K-5 including the parts of speech, capitalization, punctuation and the proper writing of sentences and texts.

  24. English-Bisaya Grammar, in Twenty Eight Lessons

    Discover a piece of history with this digital edition eBook of English-Bisaya Grammar, in Twenty Eight Lessons, by Pedro Jiménez. Restored with care and true to the original work, this work has been deemed culturally important by scholars and is a fundamental part of our civilization's knowledge base. Pick up your copy today.

  25. Pin by Valerie Hempstead on words

    Teaching English Grammar. Spotlight Snap. Check out the best music, lenses, memes and videos in all the latest Spotlight snaps, brought to you by Snapchat. ... English Lessons For Kids. English Activities. Idioms Activities. English Language Learning. Masculine And Feminine Gender Of Animals List - Ultimate Gender List 687. Male and female ...