sample physics research proposal pdf

  • Schools and departments

Physics and Astronomy

  • Postgraduate study

Guidelines for writing a research proposal

  • Undergraduate study
  • Postgraduate prospectus
  • Preparatory study for MSc courses
  • PhD Opportunities
  • Prizes for postgraduate Physics and Astronomy students
  • Why physics at Sussex?
  • People and contacts

sample physics research proposal pdf

The research proposal is central to your application to undertake doctoral study in the Department of Physics and Astronomy. You should read the following guidelines to ensure that your proposal includes the information we need to assess your application.

To support your application for a PhD place in the School of Mathematical & Physical Sciences, you should either:

  • write a new project proposal in a specialised subject, which will appeal to our faculty, naming one or more preferred supervisors.
  • write a general personal statement describing a broad topic of interest to you and our faculty. You should show how your areas of academic strength would benefit the topic. If you have more than one such topic, clearly address each one separately. You may indicate preferred supervisors and research groups.
  • write a specific personal statement about why you are the right person for one of our advertised research projects. (Not all research groups advertise projects.)

As appropriate, you can

  • explain your interest and motivation to carry out the research
  • specify the questions you wish to investigate, including references to research literature
  • indicate which methods and techniques are adequate to achieve the research aims, and state whether you are able to apply them or wish to develop skills in them.

Your document can be from half to four pages in length, as necessary. Please upload it to your application in pdf format.

Details of our Research Groups can be found on the research webpage .

In the Financial Information section of the online form, you should:

  • Tell us which studentship you would like to be considered for. They are advertised on the scholarships web pages . Check your eligibility in the advertisement.
  • Tell us if you have another way of funding your studies should we be unable to offer you a studentship.
  • Tell us the name of your sponsor, or intended sponsor, if you will be funded by a third party. Inform us of any important deadlines.

Grad Coach

Research Proposal Example/Sample

Detailed Walkthrough + Free Proposal Template

If you’re getting started crafting your research proposal and are looking for a few examples of research proposals , you’ve come to the right place.

In this video, we walk you through two successful (approved) research proposals , one for a Master’s-level project, and one for a PhD-level dissertation. We also start off by unpacking our free research proposal template and discussing the four core sections of a research proposal, so that you have a clear understanding of the basics before diving into the actual proposals.

  • Research proposal example/sample – Master’s-level (PDF/Word)
  • Research proposal example/sample – PhD-level (PDF/Word)
  • Proposal template (Fully editable) 

If you’re working on a research proposal for a dissertation or thesis, you may also find the following useful:

  • Research Proposal Bootcamp : Learn how to write a research proposal as efficiently and effectively as possible
  • 1:1 Proposal Coaching : Get hands-on help with your research proposal

Free Webinar: How To Write A Research Proposal

FAQ: Research Proposal Example

Research proposal example: frequently asked questions, are the sample proposals real.

Yes. The proposals are real and were approved by the respective universities.

Can I copy one of these proposals for my own research?

As we discuss in the video, every research proposal will be slightly different, depending on the university’s unique requirements, as well as the nature of the research itself. Therefore, you’ll need to tailor your research proposal to suit your specific context.

You can learn more about the basics of writing a research proposal here .

How do I get the research proposal template?

You can access our free proposal template here .

Is the proposal template really free?

Yes. There is no cost for the proposal template and you are free to use it as a foundation for your research proposal.

Where can I learn more about proposal writing?

For self-directed learners, our Research Proposal Bootcamp is a great starting point.

For students that want hands-on guidance, our private coaching service is recommended.

Literature Review Course

Psst… there’s more!

This post is an extract from our bestselling Udemy Course, Research Proposal Bootcamp . If you want to work smart, you don't want to miss this .

You Might Also Like:

Example of a literature review

I am at the stage of writing my thesis proposal for a PhD in Management at Altantic International University. I checked on the coaching services, but it indicates that it’s not available in my area. I am in South Sudan. My proposed topic is: “Leadership Behavior in Local Government Governance Ecosystem and Service Delivery Effectiveness in Post Conflict Districts of Northern Uganda”. I will appreciate your guidance and support

MUHAMMAD SHAH

GRADCOCH is very grateful motivated and helpful for all students etc. it is very accorporated and provide easy access way strongly agree from GRADCOCH.

Salim

I am at the stage of writing my thesis proposal for a masters in Analysis of w heat commercialisation by small holders householdrs at Hawassa International University. I will appreciate your guidance and support

Abrar Shouket

please provide a attractive proposal about foreign universities .It would be your highness.

habitamu abayneh

comparative constitutional law

Kabir Abubakar

Kindly guide me through writing a good proposal on the thesis topic; Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Financial Inclusion in Nigeria. Thank you

Submit a Comment Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

  • Print Friendly
  • Free Samples
  • Premium Essays
  • Editing Services Editing Proofreading Rewriting
  • Extra Tools Essay Topic Generator Thesis Generator Citation Generator GPA Calculator Study Guides Donate Paper
  • Essay Writing Help
  • About Us About Us Testimonials FAQ
  • Physics Research Proposal
  • Samples List

An research proposal examples on physics is a prosaic composition of a small volume and free composition, expressing individual impressions and thoughts on a specific occasion or issue and obviously not claiming a definitive or exhaustive interpretation of the subject.

Some signs of physics research proposal:

  • the presence of a specific topic or question. A work devoted to the analysis of a wide range of problems in biology, by definition, cannot be performed in the genre of physics research proposal topic.
  • The research proposal expresses individual impressions and thoughts on a specific occasion or issue, in this case, on physics and does not knowingly pretend to a definitive or exhaustive interpretation of the subject.
  • As a rule, an essay suggests a new, subjectively colored word about something, such a work may have a philosophical, historical, biographical, journalistic, literary, critical, popular scientific or purely fiction character.
  • in the content of an research proposal samples on physics , first of all, the author’s personality is assessed - his worldview, thoughts and feelings.

The goal of an research proposal in physics is to develop such skills as independent creative thinking and writing out your own thoughts.

Writing an research proposal is extremely useful, because it allows the author to learn to clearly and correctly formulate thoughts, structure information, use basic concepts, highlight causal relationships, illustrate experience with relevant examples, and substantiate his conclusions.

  • Studentshare
  • Research Proposal

Examples List on Physics Research Proposal

  • TERMS & CONDITIONS
  • PRIVACY POLICY
  • COOKIES POLICY

Have a language expert improve your writing

Run a free plagiarism check in 10 minutes, generate accurate citations for free.

  • Knowledge Base
  • Starting the research process
  • How to Write a Research Proposal | Examples & Templates

How to Write a Research Proposal | Examples & Templates

Published on October 12, 2022 by Shona McCombes and Tegan George. Revised on November 21, 2023.

Structure of a research proposal

A research proposal describes what you will investigate, why it’s important, and how you will conduct your research.

The format of a research proposal varies between fields, but most proposals will contain at least these elements:

Introduction

Literature review.

  • Research design

Reference list

While the sections may vary, the overall objective is always the same. A research proposal serves as a blueprint and guide for your research plan, helping you get organized and feel confident in the path forward you choose to take.

Table of contents

Research proposal purpose, research proposal examples, research design and methods, contribution to knowledge, research schedule, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about research proposals.

Academics often have to write research proposals to get funding for their projects. As a student, you might have to write a research proposal as part of a grad school application , or prior to starting your thesis or dissertation .

In addition to helping you figure out what your research can look like, a proposal can also serve to demonstrate why your project is worth pursuing to a funder, educational institution, or supervisor.

Research proposal length

The length of a research proposal can vary quite a bit. A bachelor’s or master’s thesis proposal can be just a few pages, while proposals for PhD dissertations or research funding are usually much longer and more detailed. Your supervisor can help you determine the best length for your work.

One trick to get started is to think of your proposal’s structure as a shorter version of your thesis or dissertation , only without the results , conclusion and discussion sections.

Download our research proposal template

Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.

Writing a research proposal can be quite challenging, but a good starting point could be to look at some examples. We’ve included a few for you below.

  • Example research proposal #1: “A Conceptual Framework for Scheduling Constraint Management”
  • Example research proposal #2: “Medical Students as Mediators of Change in Tobacco Use”

Like your dissertation or thesis, the proposal will usually have a title page that includes:

  • The proposed title of your project
  • Your supervisor’s name
  • Your institution and department

The first part of your proposal is the initial pitch for your project. Make sure it succinctly explains what you want to do and why.

Your introduction should:

  • Introduce your topic
  • Give necessary background and context
  • Outline your  problem statement  and research questions

To guide your introduction , include information about:

  • Who could have an interest in the topic (e.g., scientists, policymakers)
  • How much is already known about the topic
  • What is missing from this current knowledge
  • What new insights your research will contribute
  • Why you believe this research is worth doing

As you get started, it’s important to demonstrate that you’re familiar with the most important research on your topic. A strong literature review  shows your reader that your project has a solid foundation in existing knowledge or theory. It also shows that you’re not simply repeating what other people have already done or said, but rather using existing research as a jumping-off point for your own.

In this section, share exactly how your project will contribute to ongoing conversations in the field by:

  • Comparing and contrasting the main theories, methods, and debates
  • Examining the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
  • Explaining how will you build on, challenge, or synthesize prior scholarship

Following the literature review, restate your main  objectives . This brings the focus back to your own project. Next, your research design or methodology section will describe your overall approach, and the practical steps you will take to answer your research questions.

To finish your proposal on a strong note, explore the potential implications of your research for your field. Emphasize again what you aim to contribute and why it matters.

For example, your results might have implications for:

  • Improving best practices
  • Informing policymaking decisions
  • Strengthening a theory or model
  • Challenging popular or scientific beliefs
  • Creating a basis for future research

Last but not least, your research proposal must include correct citations for every source you have used, compiled in a reference list . To create citations quickly and easily, you can use our free APA citation generator .

Some institutions or funders require a detailed timeline of the project, asking you to forecast what you will do at each stage and how long it may take. While not always required, be sure to check the requirements of your project.

Here’s an example schedule to help you get started. You can also download a template at the button below.

Download our research schedule template

If you are applying for research funding, chances are you will have to include a detailed budget. This shows your estimates of how much each part of your project will cost.

Make sure to check what type of costs the funding body will agree to cover. For each item, include:

  • Cost : exactly how much money do you need?
  • Justification : why is this cost necessary to complete the research?
  • Source : how did you calculate the amount?

To determine your budget, think about:

  • Travel costs : do you need to go somewhere to collect your data? How will you get there, and how much time will you need? What will you do there (e.g., interviews, archival research)?
  • Materials : do you need access to any tools or technologies?
  • Help : do you need to hire any research assistants for the project? What will they do, and how much will you pay them?

If you want to know more about the research process , methodology , research bias , or statistics , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

Methodology

  • Sampling methods
  • Simple random sampling
  • Stratified sampling
  • Cluster sampling
  • Likert scales
  • Reproducibility

 Statistics

  • Null hypothesis
  • Statistical power
  • Probability distribution
  • Effect size
  • Poisson distribution

Research bias

  • Optimism bias
  • Cognitive bias
  • Implicit bias
  • Hawthorne effect
  • Anchoring bias
  • Explicit bias

Once you’ve decided on your research objectives , you need to explain them in your paper, at the end of your problem statement .

Keep your research objectives clear and concise, and use appropriate verbs to accurately convey the work that you will carry out for each one.

I will compare …

A research aim is a broad statement indicating the general purpose of your research project. It should appear in your introduction at the end of your problem statement , before your research objectives.

Research objectives are more specific than your research aim. They indicate the specific ways you’ll address the overarching aim.

A PhD, which is short for philosophiae doctor (doctor of philosophy in Latin), is the highest university degree that can be obtained. In a PhD, students spend 3–5 years writing a dissertation , which aims to make a significant, original contribution to current knowledge.

A PhD is intended to prepare students for a career as a researcher, whether that be in academia, the public sector, or the private sector.

A master’s is a 1- or 2-year graduate degree that can prepare you for a variety of careers.

All master’s involve graduate-level coursework. Some are research-intensive and intend to prepare students for further study in a PhD; these usually require their students to write a master’s thesis . Others focus on professional training for a specific career.

Critical thinking refers to the ability to evaluate information and to be aware of biases or assumptions, including your own.

Like information literacy , it involves evaluating arguments, identifying and solving problems in an objective and systematic way, and clearly communicating your ideas.

The best way to remember the difference between a research plan and a research proposal is that they have fundamentally different audiences. A research plan helps you, the researcher, organize your thoughts. On the other hand, a dissertation proposal or research proposal aims to convince others (e.g., a supervisor, a funding body, or a dissertation committee) that your research topic is relevant and worthy of being conducted.

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

McCombes, S. & George, T. (2023, November 21). How to Write a Research Proposal | Examples & Templates. Scribbr. Retrieved February 16, 2024, from https://www.scribbr.com/research-process/research-proposal/

Is this article helpful?

Shona McCombes

Shona McCombes

Other students also liked, how to write a problem statement | guide & examples, writing strong research questions | criteria & examples, how to write a literature review | guide, examples, & templates, what is your plagiarism score.

Research School of Physics

  • College of Science
  • School structure
  • Equity and diversity
  • Annual reports
  • ANU MakerSpace
  • Physics outreach
  • Research facilities
  • Electronics Workshop
  • Mechanical Workshop
  • Physics endowments
  • Undergraduate
  • PhD and MPhil
  • Intensive courses
  • Find a research project
  • Scholarships
  • Our student profiles
  • Physics Education Centre
  • Education outreach
  • Summer Research Scholarships
  • Project market day
  • Publications
  • Physics data portal
  • Explore Physics
  • Find a project
  • Do your PhD here
  • Physics news
  • Public events
  • Meet our people

Home

Potential student research projects

The Research School of Physics performs research at the cutting edge of a wide range of disciplines.

By undertaking your own research project at ANU you could open up an exciting career in science.

Student type All 3rdYear 1st year PhB later PhB Honours/MSc PhD/MPhil Summer Scholars

Department All Electronic Materials Engineering Fundamental & Theoretical Physics Materials Physics Nuclear Physics & Accelerator Applications Quantum Science & Technology Centre for Gravitational Astrophysics

Research field All Astrophysics Atomic and molecular physics Biophysics Clean energy Engineering in physics Environmental physics Fusion and plasma confinement Materials science and engineering Nanoscience and nanotechnology Photonics, lasers and nonlinear optics Physics of the nucleus Plasma applications and technology Quantum science and technology Theoretical physics Topological and structural science

Astrophysics

Radioimpurities in particle detectors for dark matter studies.

Dr Michaela Froehlich , Dr Zuzana Slavkovska , A/Prof Stephen Tims , Professor Gregory Lane

sample physics research proposal pdf

Continuous gravitational waves from neutron stars

Distinguished Prof Susan Scott , Dr Lilli (Ling) Sun , Dr Karl Wette

sample physics research proposal pdf

Single atom counting for stellar nuclear synthesis studies

Dr Stefan Pavetich , Emeritus Professor Keith Fifield

sample physics research proposal pdf

Gravitational waves from ultralight boson clouds around black holes

Dr Lilli (Ling) Sun , Distinguished Prof Susan Scott , Dr Karl Wette

sample physics research proposal pdf

Gravitational waves from newborn neutron stars

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nanostructured Metasurfaces for Optical Telescopes

Dr Josephine Munro , Prof Andrey Sukhorukov

Paving the way to study the chronology of the early solar system

Dr Stefan Pavetich , Dr Michaela Froehlich , A/Prof Stephen Tims , Mr Dominik Koll

sample physics research proposal pdf

Calibration of gravitational wave detectors

Dr Lilli (Ling) Sun , A/Prof Bram Slagmolen , Distinguished Prof Susan Scott

sample physics research proposal pdf

Optimising a neutron star extreme matter observatory

A/Prof Bram Slagmolen , Dr Lilli (Ling) Sun , Distinguished Prof David McClelland

sample physics research proposal pdf

Multi-messenger gravitational-wave astronomy

sample physics research proposal pdf

Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy

Dr Joshua Machacek , Professor Stephen Buckman

sample physics research proposal pdf

Prospects of future ground-based gravitational-wave detector network

Dr Lilli (Ling) Sun , A/Prof Bram Slagmolen

How does a black hole ring?

Dr Lilli (Ling) Sun , Distinguished Prof Susan Scott

Exotic nuclear structure towards the neutron dripline

Dr AJ Mitchell

sample physics research proposal pdf

Atomic and Molecular Physics

Measuring and modelling free-ion hyperfine fields.

Professor Andrew Stuchbery , Emeritus Professor Tibor Kibedi , Dr Brendan McCormick

sample physics research proposal pdf

Positron applications in medical physics

A/Prof. James Sullivan , Professor Stephen Buckman , Dr Joshua Machacek

sample physics research proposal pdf

Interactions between antimatter and ultracold atoms

Dr Sean Hodgman , Professor Stephen Buckman , Dr Joshua Machacek

sample physics research proposal pdf

Atomic magnetometer for exploring physics beyond the standard model and gyroscopy

Professor Ben Buchler

sample physics research proposal pdf

Benchmark positron scattering experiments

sample physics research proposal pdf

Mass-entangled ultracold helium atoms

Dr Sean Hodgman , Professor Andrew Truscott

sample physics research proposal pdf

Positron interactions with structured surfaces

Dr Joshua Machacek , Dr Sergey Kruk

sample physics research proposal pdf

Electron and positron scattering from hydroxide, water and hydrogen peroxide

A/Prof. James Sullivan , Dr Edward Simpson

sample physics research proposal pdf

Optical quantum memory

sample physics research proposal pdf

Femtosecond laser for ultra-precise cavity drilling in modern dentistry

Dr Ludovic Rapp

sample physics research proposal pdf

Specific ion effects

Professor Vincent Craig

sample physics research proposal pdf

Solid-state nanopore sensors: Unveiling New Frontiers in Biomolecule Detection

Prof Patrick Kluth

sample physics research proposal pdf

Clean Energy

Cross sections for nuclear fusion.

Dr Edward Simpson

sample physics research proposal pdf

Engineering in Physics

Nuclear structure studies with particle transfer reactions.

Dr AJ Mitchell , Professor Gregory Lane , Professor Andrew Stuchbery , Mr Ben Coombes

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nuclear lifetimes - developing new apparatus and methods

Professor Andrew Stuchbery , Emeritus Professor Tibor Kibedi , Professor Gregory Lane , Mr Ben Coombes

sample physics research proposal pdf

Wood-based mechanical metamaterials

Dr Nicolas Francois , Dr Mohammad Saadatfar , Professor Mark Knackstedt

sample physics research proposal pdf

Tracking noisy lasers using digitally enhanced fibre interferometers

Dr Chathura Bandutunga , A/Prof Malcolm Gray , Dr Paul Sibley , Dr Ya Zhang

sample physics research proposal pdf

Coherently combined laser systems for breakthrough starshot and beyond

Dr Chathura Bandutunga , Dr Paul Sibley , A/Prof Michael Ireland

sample physics research proposal pdf

Vibration control for optical interferometry

A/Prof Bram Slagmolen , Distinguished Prof David McClelland

sample physics research proposal pdf

Fibre optic sensor arrays for vibrometry and acoustic sensing

Dr Chathura Bandutunga , Dr Paul Sibley , A/Prof Malcolm Gray

Developing ultra-high resolution optical meta-surface sensors

Dr Chathura Bandutunga , Prof Dragomir Neshev

Directional dark matter measurements with CYGNUS

Dr Lindsey Bignell , Dr Peter McNamara , Dr Zuzana Slavkovska , Professor Gregory Lane

sample physics research proposal pdf

Miniature absolute gravimeter for long-term gravity surveys

Dr Samuel Legge , Professor John Close , Prof Patrick Kluth , Dr Giovanni Guccione

sample physics research proposal pdf

Ultra-fast lifetime measurements of nuclear excited states

Professor Gregory Lane , Dr AJ Mitchell , Professor Andrew Stuchbery , Emeritus Professor Tibor Kibedi

sample physics research proposal pdf

Understanding energy dissipation in colliding quantum many-body systems

Dr Kaitlin Cook , Dr Ian Carter , Professor Mahananda Dasgupta , Emeritus Professor David Hinde

sample physics research proposal pdf

Engineering Inter-spacecraft laser links

Professor Kirk McKenzie , Dr Andrew Wade

sample physics research proposal pdf

Environmental Physics

Total recall – memory effects in negative ion sources.

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nanobubbles

sample physics research proposal pdf

Radioactivity in our environment

Dr Michaela Froehlich

Surface forces and the behaviour of colloidal systems

sample physics research proposal pdf

High pressure non-equilibrium plasma discharges in chemically reactive systems

A/Prof Cormac Corr

sample physics research proposal pdf

Fusion and Plasma Confinement

Diagnosing plasma-surface interactions under fusion-relevant conditions.

A/Prof Cormac Corr , Dr Matt Thompson

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nano-bubble formation in fusion relevant materials

A/Prof Cormac Corr , Prof Patrick Kluth , Dr Matt Thompson

sample physics research proposal pdf

The effect of He irradiation on the microstructure and mechanical properties of W/ W alloys

Materials science and engineering, nanofluidic diodes: from biosensors to water treatment.

sample physics research proposal pdf

Neutron and X-ray imaging/tomography techniques at ANSTO & Australian Synchrotron

Dr Andrew Kingston , Dr Glenn Myers

sample physics research proposal pdf

Colloidal systems in highly concentrated salt solutions

sample physics research proposal pdf

Developing wearable sensors for personalized health care technologies and solutions

Dr Buddini Karawdeniya , Prof Dragomir Neshev , Prof Patrick Kluth , Professor Lan Fu

sample physics research proposal pdf

Ultra-low contact resistance next generation semiconductor devices

Emeritus Professor Robert Elliman , Mr Tom Ratcliff

sample physics research proposal pdf

Tomography of dynamic processes (3D movies)

Dr Andrew Kingston , Prof Adrian Sheppard , Dr Glenn Myers

sample physics research proposal pdf

Solid state synapses and neurons - memristive devices for neuromorphic computing

Emeritus Professor Robert Elliman , Dr Sanjoy Nandi

sample physics research proposal pdf

Machine learning for tomographic reconstruction

Dr Glenn Myers , Dr Andrew Kingston

Quantitative x-ray imaging with patterned illumination

Ultrafast laser cleaning - the light touch.

sample physics research proposal pdf

Spatial laser mode analysis for thermal noise measurements in optical cavities

Dr Johannes Eichholz , A/Prof Bram Slagmolen , Distinguished Prof David McClelland

sample physics research proposal pdf

High entropy alloys in advanced nuclear applications

A/Prof Cormac Corr , Dr Maryna Bilokur

Defect Engineering of 2D Materials

Emeritus Professor Robert Elliman

sample physics research proposal pdf

Optical nonlinearities in 2D crystals

Dr Giovanni Guccione , Professor Ping Koy Lam

sample physics research proposal pdf

Exciton polaritons in 2D atomically thin materials

Prof Elena Ostrovskaya , Professor Andrew Truscott

sample physics research proposal pdf

Ultrashort laser processing for advanced applications

Dr Ludovic Rapp , Professor Andrei Rode

sample physics research proposal pdf

Functional nanopore membranes

sample physics research proposal pdf

Creating new materials using pressure and diamond anvil cells

Prof Jodie Bradby

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nanowire photodetectors for photonic and quantum systems

Professor Lan Fu , Dr Ziyuan Li , Professor Hoe Tan

sample physics research proposal pdf

Shape engineering of semiconductor nanostructures for novel device applications

Professor Hoe Tan , Professor Chennupati Jagadish

sample physics research proposal pdf

High-bandwidth stabilisation of a 2µm-band laser

sample physics research proposal pdf

Measurement of optical and mechanical losses of mirror coatings

sample physics research proposal pdf

Deblur by defocus in a 3D X-ray microscope

Making diamond from disordered forms of carbon.

sample physics research proposal pdf

Can we make a new phase of carbon?

sample physics research proposal pdf

Efficient optical interconnect for quantum computers

Dr Rose Ahlefeldt

sample physics research proposal pdf

X-ray scatter in 3D microscopes

Dr Andrew Kingston , Dr Glenn Myers , Prof Adrian Sheppard

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Optical metamaterials: from science fiction to transformative optical technologies.

Prof Dragomir Neshev , Dr Andrei Komar , Dr Mohsen Rahmani

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nanowire infrared avalanche photodetectors towards single photon detection

Professor Lan Fu , Dr Zhe (Rex) Li , Professor Chennupati Jagadish

sample physics research proposal pdf

Micro-ring lasers for integrated silicon photonics

sample physics research proposal pdf

Metaphotonics and Mie-tronics with resonant dielectric structures

Professor Yuri Kivshar , Dr Kirill Koshelev

sample physics research proposal pdf

Engineering optical chirality with nanotechnology

Professor Yuri Kivshar , Dr Kirill Koshelev , Dr Sergey Kruk

sample physics research proposal pdf

Quantum-well nanowire light emitting devices

Professor Lan Fu , Dr Ziyuan Li , Professor Hoe Tan , Professor Chennupati Jagadish

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nanowire lasers for applications in nanophotonics

Professor Chennupati Jagadish , Professor Hoe Tan

sample physics research proposal pdf

Photonics, Lasers and Nonlinear Optics

Non-equilibrium quantum condensation of microcavity exciton polaritons.

sample physics research proposal pdf

Satellite based geodesy

Dr Syed Assad , Professor Ping Koy Lam , Mr Lorcan Conlon , Dr Jie Zhao

sample physics research proposal pdf

Synthesising non-Hermitian gauge fields for microcavity exciton polaritons

Dr Eliezer Estrecho , Prof Elena Ostrovskaya

sample physics research proposal pdf

Integrated quantum photonics

Prof Andrey Sukhorukov , Dr Jinyong Ma , Dr Jihua Zhang , Prof Dragomir Neshev

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nonlinear topological photonics

Dr Daria Smirnova

sample physics research proposal pdf

Low-noise offset-phase locking and heterodyne interferometry with 2µm-band lasers

sample physics research proposal pdf

Machine learning for optics and controls

A/Prof Bram Slagmolen

sample physics research proposal pdf

Laser levitation of a macroscopic mirror

sample physics research proposal pdf

Quantum squeezed states for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors

Distinguished Prof David McClelland , Professor Daniel Shaddock , A/Prof Bram Slagmolen

sample physics research proposal pdf

Quantum photonics with nanostructured metasurfaces

Dr Jinyong Ma , Prof Andrey Sukhorukov , Dr Jihua Zhang

sample physics research proposal pdf

Optical nanoantennas

Prof Dragomir Neshev , Prof Andrey Miroshnichenko

sample physics research proposal pdf

Synthetic multi-dimensional photonics

Prof Andrey Sukhorukov , Dr Jihua Zhang

sample physics research proposal pdf

Physics of the Nucleus

Nuclear magnetism - magnetic moment measurements.

Professor Andrew Stuchbery , Emeritus Professor Tibor Kibedi , Professor Gregory Lane , Dr Brendan McCormick

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nuclear batteries: Energy-storage applications of nuclear isomers

Dr AJ Mitchell , Professor Gregory Lane

sample physics research proposal pdf

Time dependence of nuclear fusion

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nuclei that fall apart: the role of sub-zeptosecond processes in reactions of weakly-bound nuclei

Dr Kaitlin Cook , Professor Mahananda Dasgupta , Emeritus Professor David Hinde

sample physics research proposal pdf

Towards a global understanding of nuclear fission

Dr Kaitlin Cook , Emeritus Professor David Hinde , Professor Mahananda Dasgupta

sample physics research proposal pdf

Nuclear vibrations in near-spherical and deformed nuclei

Professor Andrew Stuchbery , Professor Gregory Lane , Dr AJ Mitchell , Mr Ben Coombes

sample physics research proposal pdf

Plasma Applications and Technology

Quantum science and technology, quantum multi-parameter estimation.

sample physics research proposal pdf

Experimental quantum simulation with ultracold metastable Helium atoms in an optical lattice

sample physics research proposal pdf

Dual torsion pendulum for quantum noise limited sensing

sample physics research proposal pdf

Beam matching using machine learning

Dr Syed Assad , Dr Aaron Tranter , Dr Jie Zhao

sample physics research proposal pdf

Quantum super resolution

Dr Syed Assad , Professor Ping Koy Lam , Dr Jie Zhao

sample physics research proposal pdf

Theoretical Physics

Variational approach to many-body problems.

A/Prof Vladimir Mangazeev

sample physics research proposal pdf

Introduction to quantum integrable systems

sample physics research proposal pdf

Stochastic dynamics of interacting systems and integrability

sample physics research proposal pdf

Combinatorics and integrable systems

A/Prof Vladimir Mangazeev , Professor Vladimir Bazhanov

Topological and Structural Science

Ghost imaging in the third dimension.

Mobile Navigation

Video generation models as world simulators.

We explore large-scale training of generative models on video data. Specifically, we train text-conditional diffusion models jointly on videos and images of variable durations, resolutions and aspect ratios. We leverage a transformer architecture that operates on spacetime patches of video and image latent codes. Our largest model, Sora, is capable of generating a minute of high fidelity video. Our results suggest that scaling video generation models is a promising path towards building general purpose simulators of the physical world.

More resources

  • View Sora overview

This technical report focuses on (1) our method for turning visual data of all types into a unified representation that enables large-scale training of generative models, and (2) qualitative evaluation of Sora’s capabilities and limitations. Model and implementation details are not included in this report.

Much prior work has studied generative modeling of video data using a variety of methods, including recurrent networks, [^1] [^2] [^3] generative adversarial networks, [^4] [^5] [^6] [^7] autoregressive transformers, [^8] [^9] and diffusion models. [^10] [^11] [^12] These works often focus on a narrow category of visual data, on shorter videos, or on videos of a fixed size. Sora is a generalist model of visual data—it can generate videos and images spanning diverse durations, aspect ratios and resolutions, up to a full minute of high definition video.

Turning visual data into patches

We take inspiration from large language models which acquire generalist capabilities by training on internet-scale data. [^13] [^14] The success of the LLM paradigm is enabled in part by the use of tokens that elegantly unify diverse modalities of text—code, math and various natural languages. In this work, we consider how generative models of visual data can inherit such benefits. Whereas LLMs have text tokens, Sora has visual patches . Patches have previously been shown to be an effective representation for models of visual data. [^15] [^16] [^17] [^18] We find that patches are a highly-scalable and effective representation for training generative models on diverse types of videos and images.

Figure Patches

At a high level, we turn videos into patches by first compressing videos into a lower-dimensional latent space, [^19] and subsequently decomposing the representation into spacetime patches.

Video compression network

We train a network that reduces the dimensionality of visual data. [^20] This network takes raw video as input and outputs a latent representation that is compressed both temporally and spatially. Sora is trained on and subsequently generates videos within this compressed latent space. We also train a corresponding decoder model that maps generated latents back to pixel space.

Spacetime latent patches

Given a compressed input video, we extract a sequence of spacetime patches which act as transformer tokens. This scheme works for images too since images are just videos with a single frame. Our patch-based representation enables Sora to train on videos and images of variable resolutions, durations and aspect ratios. At inference time, we can control the size of generated videos by arranging randomly-initialized patches in an appropriately-sized grid.

Scaling transformers for video generation

Sora is a diffusion model [^21] [^22] [^23] [^24] [^25] ; given input noisy patches (and conditioning information like text prompts), it’s trained to predict the original “clean” patches. Importantly, Sora is a diffusion transformer . [^26] Transformers have demonstrated remarkable scaling properties across a variety of domains, including language modeling, [^13] [^14] computer vision, [^15] [^16] [^17] [^18] and image generation. [^27] [^28] [^29]

Figure Diffusion

In this work, we find that diffusion transformers scale effectively as video models as well. Below, we show a comparison of video samples with fixed seeds and inputs as training progresses. Sample quality improves markedly as training compute increases.

Variable durations, resolutions, aspect ratios

Past approaches to image and video generation typically resize, crop or trim videos to a standard size—e.g., 4 second videos at 256x256 resolution. We find that instead training on data at its native size provides several benefits.

Sampling flexibility

Sora can sample widescreen 1920x1080p videos, vertical 1080x1920 videos and everything inbetween. This lets Sora create content for different devices directly at their native aspect ratios. It also lets us quickly prototype content at lower sizes before generating at full resolution—all with the same model.

Improved framing and composition

We empirically find that training on videos at their native aspect ratios improves composition and framing. We compare Sora against a version of our model that crops all training videos to be square, which is common practice when training generative models. The model trained on square crops (left) sometimes generates videos where the subject is only partially in view. In comparison, videos from Sora (right) have improved framing.

Language understanding

Training text-to-video generation systems requires a large amount of videos with corresponding text captions. We apply the re-captioning technique introduced in DALL·E 3 [^30] to videos. We first train a highly descriptive captioner model and then use it to produce text captions for all videos in our training set. We find that training on highly descriptive video captions improves text fidelity as well as the overall quality of videos.

Similar to DALL·E 3, we also leverage GPT to turn short user prompts into longer detailed captions that are sent to the video model. This enables Sora to generate high quality videos that accurately follow user prompts.

Prompting with images and videos

All of the results above and in our landing page show text-to-video samples. But Sora can also be prompted with other inputs, such as pre-existing images or video. This capability enables Sora to perform a wide range of image and video editing tasks—creating perfectly looping video, animating static images, extending videos forwards or backwards in time, etc.

Animating DALL·E images

Sora is capable of generating videos provided an image and prompt as input. Below we show example videos generated based on DALL·E 2 [^31] and DALL·E 3 [^30] images.

sample physics research proposal pdf

Extending generated videos

Sora is also capable of extending videos, either forward or backward in time. Below are four videos that were all extended backward in time starting from a segment of a generated video. As a result, each of the four videos starts different from the others, yet all four videos lead to the same ending.

We can use this method to extend a video both forward and backward to produce a seamless infinite loop.

Video-to-video editing

Diffusion models have enabled a plethora of methods for editing images and videos from text prompts. Below we apply one of these methods, SDEdit, [^32] to Sora. This technique enables Sora to transform  the styles and environments of input videos zero-shot.

Connecting videos

We can also use Sora to gradually interpolate between two input videos, creating seamless transitions between videos with entirely different subjects and scene compositions. In the examples below, the videos in the center interpolate between the corresponding videos on the left and right.

Image generation capabilities

Sora is also capable of generating images. We do this by arranging patches of Gaussian noise in a spatial grid with a temporal extent of one frame. The model can generate images of variable sizes—up to 2048x2048 resolution.

sample physics research proposal pdf

Emerging simulation capabilities

We find that video models exhibit a number of interesting emergent capabilities when trained at scale. These capabilities enable Sora to simulate some aspects of people, animals and environments from the physical world. These properties emerge without any explicit inductive biases for 3D, objects, etc.—they are purely phenomena of scale.

3D consistency. Sora can generate videos with dynamic camera motion. As the camera shifts and rotates, people and scene elements move consistently through three-dimensional space.

Long-range coherence and object permanence. A significant challenge for video generation systems has been maintaining temporal consistency when sampling long videos. We find that Sora is often, though not always, able to effectively model both short- and long-range dependencies. For example, our model can persist people, animals and objects even when they are occluded or leave the frame. Likewise, it can generate multiple shots of the same character in a single sample, maintaining their appearance throughout the video.

Interacting with the world. Sora can sometimes simulate actions that affect the state of the world in simple ways. For example, a painter can leave new strokes along a canvas that persist over time, or a man can eat a burger and leave bite marks.

Simulating digital worlds. Sora is also able to simulate artificial processes–one example is video games. Sora can simultaneously control the player in Minecraft with a basic policy while also rendering the world and its dynamics in high fidelity. These capabilities can be elicited zero-shot by prompting Sora with captions mentioning “Minecraft.”

These capabilities suggest that continued scaling of video models is a promising path towards the development of highly-capable simulators of the physical and digital world, and the objects, animals and people that live within them.

Sora currently exhibits numerous limitations as a simulator. For example, it does not accurately model the physics of many basic interactions, like glass shattering. Other interactions, like eating food, do not always yield correct changes in object state. We enumerate other common failure modes of the model—such as incoherencies that develop in long duration samples or spontaneous appearances of objects—in our landing page .

We believe the capabilities Sora has today demonstrate that continued scaling of video models is a promising path towards the development of capable simulators of the physical and digital world, and the objects, animals and people that live within them.

  • Bill Peebles
  • Connor Holmes
  • David Schnurr
  • Troy Luhman
  • Eric Luhman
  • Clarence Wing Yin Ng
  • Aditya Ramesh

Acknowledgments

Please cite as Brooks, Peebles, et al., and use the following BibTeX for citation:  https://openai.com/bibtex/videoworldsimulators2024.bib

IMAGES

  1. 44+ Project Proposal Examples

    sample physics research proposal pdf

  2. FREE 12+ Research Proposal Samples in PDF

    sample physics research proposal pdf

  3. um research proposal format

    sample physics research proposal pdf

  4. FREE 18+ Sample Research Proposals in PDF

    sample physics research proposal pdf

  5. Proposal for a Chemical Physics

    sample physics research proposal pdf

  6. 2023 Research Proposal Template

    sample physics research proposal pdf

VIDEO

  1. Research Proposal Topic : M.Ed. Class

  2. What is difference between Research proposal and Research paper/ NTA UGC NET

  3. Proposal 101: What Is A Research Topic?

  4. Sample Powerpoint For Research Proposal Defense

  5. CBSE Additional Sample question paper 2023-2024 Class 12th PHYSICS By Anuradha Jain Q1to16(Part-1)

  6. PHYSICS SAMPLE PAPER SOLUTION CLASS 11TH

COMMENTS

  1. PDF Research Proposals

    1 of 5 Research Proposals Writing a research proposal is the first step for a research project. Before you can work on your research, it must be approved, whether that is by a professor, thesis advisor, or supervisor.

  2. PDF Research Proposal

    Simulations of magneto-convection in the presence of a strong magnetic wave guide placed in a strati ed convectively unstable polytrope can provide a starting point for studies of MHD turbu-lent energy cascades. Simultaeneous e orts can be devoted toward the development of phenomeno-logical models of the interactions that lead to these cascades. 4.

  3. PDF Research Proposal

    1.1 Naturalness vs. the Large Hadron Collider It's not due to presumptuousness that physicists ask for more, but rather pragmatism. As constructed, the Standard Model appears to break down at short distances: quantum corrections want to push the Higgs mass to be more than fteen orders of magnitude larger than its observed value|this is the so

  4. PDF John Paul Adrian Glaubitz Doctoral ThesisResearch Proposal

    Prof. Dr. Bengt Gunnar Svensson. Dr. Lasse Vines. This report will describe the project proposal for the research program that will lead John Paul Adrian Glaubitz to the Ph.D. degree at the University of Oslo, including scope, methodology and work plan. The main work will be carried out in the LENS group at Department of Physics/SMN, under ...

  5. PDF A Sample Research Proposal with Comments

    The proposal should discuss problem statement, objectives, research methodology, research activities, and a time schedule in about 3-5 pages. A sample proposal is attached here for your reference.

  6. PDF Research Proposal

    Research Proposal 1. Title of the project Gate controlled spin-orbit interaction: a way to spin manipulation 2. Applicant Andrii Rudavskyi (under supervision of Prof. Caspar van der Wal) 3. Institute Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials University of Groningen Nijeborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen The Netherlands

  7. PDF PROPOSAL FOR A Ph.D. in APPLIED AND COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Department of

    This catalog presents a proposal to create a Ph.D. degree, in the Department of Physics at Oakland University, in Applied and Computational Physics. The desired start date ... PhD in Applied and Computational Physics: Faculty research productivity, including publication of scientific papers and external grants, is presented in Appendix III.

  8. PDF Physics Undergraduate Research Thesis

    Separate application is not required. Contact the Physics Thesis Coordinator at the end of your third year to discuss your choice of project and supervisor. D) Bachelor of Research (Physics/Medical Radiation Physics) course code 380 (1 year degree, also comprising the 1st year of MRes, after completing a 3 year Bachelor of Science)

  9. PDF UNIVERSITY PROPOSAL SAMPLES

    The department grew rapidly to include a BA and BS in Applied Physics. In 1988, the MS in Applied Physics was added. In the early 1980's the addition of a research observatory established the Astronomy program at ASU, thus creating the Physics and Astronomy Department. At present, there are 13 full-time faculty, 6 staff, and 9 graduate ...

  10. Guidelines for writing a research proposal

    The research proposal is central to your application to undertake doctoral study in the Department of Physics and Astronomy. You should read the following guidelines to ensure that your proposal includes the information we need to assess your application.

  11. PDF Proposal for Honors Research in Physics

    PROPOSAL FOR HONORS RESEARCH IN PHYSICS The Physics Department offers an opportunity to pursue Honors in the Physics and Interdisciplinary Physics majors. A student should declare Honors by the end of their junior year; declaring Honors is done in an appointment with a Physics advisor.

  12. PDF PhD proposal in theoretical physics & condensed matter theory Toulouse

    This PhD proposal aims at addressing these challenging questions, by adding solid evidence based on exact results to the existing phenomenology. Due to the broad nature of the topic, the PhD student will have to use tools coming from different fields: many-body techniques, quan-tum information and chaos, localization physics etc.

  13. PDF Annotated Sample Research Proposal: Process and Product

    The basic purposes of all research proposals are to. convince. the reader that: (a) the research project has clear objectives; (b) the research project is worth doing (it is significant. / important in some sense and will make an original. contribution to knowledge / understanding in the. field)

  14. PDF Explorations in Physics Project Proposal Guidelines

    Microsoft Word - EiP_ProjProposal Guide.doc. Filename: EiP_ProjProposal Guide.doc. Last Modified: 7/10/2002 8:56 AM. Authors Note: This document was prepared by David Jackson for distribution to enrolled in an Explorations in Physics Course. This will have to be modified to conform to your own course management philosophy and local conditions.

  15. PDF Research Proposal

    Address: : Physics (Condensed Matter Physics and Devices) : Dr. Ng Sha Shiong : Dr. Yoon Tiem Leong : Prof. Haslan Abu Hassan Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory, School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Penang, Malaysia. Approved by : Dr. Ng Sha Shiong [1] Title of Proposed Research

  16. Research Proposal Example (PDF + Template)

    Research proposal example/sample - PhD-level (PDF/Word) Proposal template (Fully editable) If you're working on a research proposal for a dissertation or thesis, you may also find the following useful: Research Proposal Bootcamp: Learn how to write a research proposal as efficiently and effectively as possible

  17. Free Physics Research Proposal Samples and Examples List

    An research proposal examples on physics is a prosaic composition of a small volume and free composition, expressing individual impressions and thoughts on a specific occasion or issue and obviously not claiming a definitive or exhaustive interpretation of the subject. Some signs of physics research proposal:

  18. PDF Physics Education Research

    This project focuses on Physics Education Research (PER), and studies both the underlying theory and several practical applications. A summary of relevant pedagogical and PER-specific publications is first presented. Practical applications of the outlined principles are then studied, in the context of the Physics for Life Sciences course (PHY

  19. (PDF) A Proposal for a Renewed Research Emphasis in Astrophysical and

    The benefits of this proposal are threefold. First, it will enable researchers to interpret and understand the implications of newly observed phenomena that will invariably arise from new ...

  20. (PDF) Proposal for a Nuclear Light Source

    sample in Fig. 1 with a uniform distribution of nuclei in depth n gr ( x ) = Const = N gr / ( hS ) ( N gr is th e total number of 229 Th nuclei implanted in a dielectric la yer), 4 (4') — all ...

  21. How to Write a Research Proposal

    Published on October 12, 2022 by Shona McCombes and Tegan George. Revised on November 21, 2023. A research proposal describes what you will investigate, why it's important, and how you will conduct your research. The format of a research proposal varies between fields, but most proposals will contain at least these elements: Title page

  22. (Pdf) Research Proposal

    In book: Basic Guidelines for Research: An Introductory Approach for All Disciplines (pp.468-489) Edition: First; Chapter: 11; Publisher: Book Zone Publication, Chittagong-4203, Bangladesh

  23. Potential student research projects

    Exciting student research projects available in the Research School of Physics. Exciting student research projects available in the Research School of Physics. Research School of Physics ... images are formed based on photons that have never interacted with the sample. 3D ghost imaging was first performed in 2018 by scientists at ANU and ...

  24. Video generation models as world simulators

    We explore large-scale training of generative models on video data. Specifically, we train text-conditional diffusion models jointly on videos and images of variable durations, resolutions and aspect ratios. We leverage a transformer architecture that operates on spacetime patches of video and image latent codes. Our largest model, Sora, is capable of generating a minute of high fidelity video.

  25. PDF Government of India, Department of Space Indian Space Research

    004 Physics 01 UR M.Sc or equivalent post graduate degree in Physics / Applied Physics with an aggregate minimum of 65% or CGPA / CPI grading of 6.84 on a 10 point scale with pre-eligibility qualification of B.Sc with 1st Class. with pre-eligibility qualification of B.Sc with 1st Class or equivalent. Spacecraft Mission planning